REGDOC-2.14.1: Information Incorporated by Reference in Canada’s Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015

Preface

This regulatory document is part of the CNSC’s packaging and transport series of regulatory documents. The full list of regulatory document series is included at the end of this document and can also be found on the CNSC’s website.

More than a million packages containing radioactive material are transported safely in Canada each year. The CNSC and Transport Canada are jointly responsible for ensuring the safe transport of nuclear substances. Transport Canada’s Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations deal with the transport of all classes of dangerous goods; the CNSC’s Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 (PTNSR 2015) primarily address public health, safety and security, and protection of the environment related to the special characteristics of radioactive material.

The PTNSR 2015 provide requirements for licences to transport nuclear substances, for transporting nuclear substances and for record keeping. The regulations also include requirements for the design and certification of packages, special form radioactive material and other prescribed equipment. These regulatory requirements apply to all persons – including nuclear facilities and CNSC licensees and applicants – who are transporting nuclear substances or offering them for transport.

Regulatory document REGDOC-2.14.1 links the provisions of the PTNSR 2015 to specific paragraphs of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Regulations for the Safe Transport of Nuclear MaterialFootnote 1, the Nuclear Safety and Control Act, other CNSC regulations, and related information for use by licensees, applicants, and other regulated persons.

1. Introduction

Canada’s Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 (PTNSR 2015) are based on the 2012 edition of regulations established by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA): the Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (IAEA Regulations). All IAEA Member States follow the IAEA Regulations, which assure consistent, safe practices internationally.

The PTNSR 2015 introduce an ambulatory reference to the IAEA Regulations and no longer explicitly identify and list relevant paragraphs from the IAEA Regulations. This change ensures that Canadian regulations will continue to align with international regulations, if international regulations are modified.

1.1 Purpose

To help the regulated community comply with the PTNSR 2015, REGDOC-2.14.1 links provisions in the PTNSR 2015 to relevant content in the IAEA Regulations, the Nuclear Safety and Control Act (NSCA, the Act), other CNSC regulations, and other related information.

1.2 Relevant Canadian legislation

The following Canadian legislation and regulations are referenced in the PTNSR 2015:

1.3 Relevant international regulations, codes and standards

The following international regulations, codes and standards are referenced in the PTNSR 2015:

  • Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, 2012 Edition, IAEA Footnote 1
  • International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, International Maritime Organization Footnote 2
  • Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air, Doc 9284, International Civil Aviation Organization Footnote 3
  • Nuclear Energy – Packaging of Uranium Hexafluoride (UF6) for Transport, ISO 7195, International Organization for Standardization Footnote 4

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2. Information Incorporated by Reference in the Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015

This table has been provided for information purposes only. All references are to the IAEA regulations unless otherwise noted. The referenced legislation and regulations are not official versions. It is the regulated person’s responsibility to identify and comply with all applicable regulations and licence conditions.

Interpretation

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted
1. (1) The following definitions apply in these Regulations.  

“A1” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « A1 »

“A2” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « A2 »

Paragraph 201. A1 shall mean the activity value of special form radioactive material that is listed in Table 2 or derived in Section IV and is used to determine the activity limits for the requirements of these Regulations. A2 shall mean the activity value of radioactive material, other than special form radioactive material, that is listed in Table 2 or derived in Section IV and is used to determine the activity limits for the requirements of these Regulations.
“ Act ” means the Nuclear Safety and Control Act. « Loi »  
“ activity ” means the number of nuclear transformations occurring per unit of time, as measured in becquerels. « activité »  
“ alternative activity limit for an exempt consignment ”, in respect of an instrument or article, means an activity limit for a consignment that is above the activity limit for an exempt consignment set out in the IAEA Regulations and that has been approved as meeting the exemption criteria set out in those Regulations for an instrument or article. « autre limite d’activité pour un envoi exempté »

DETERMINATION OF BASIC RADIONUCLIDE VALUES

Paragraph 403 (b). For individual radionuclides:

(b) In instruments or articles in which the radioactive material is enclosed in or is included as a component part of the instrument or other manufactured article and which meets para. 423(c), alternative basic radionuclide values to those in Table 2 for the activity limit for an exempt consignment are permitted and shall require multilateral approval. Such alternative activity limits for an exempt consignment shall be calculated in accordance with the principles set out in the BSS Footnote 5.

“ basic radionuclide value ” means either an A1 in TBq, an A2 in TBq, an activity concentration limit for an exempt material in Bq/g or an activity limit for an exempt consignment in Bq, as set out in the IAEA Regulations. « valeur de base pour un radionucléide »

BASIC RADIONUCLIDE VALUES

Paragraph 402. The following basic values for individual  radionuclides are given in Table 2:

  • (a) A1 and A2 in TBq;
  • (b) Activity concentration limits for exempt material in Bq/g;
  • (c) Activity limits for exempt consignments
“ carrier ” has the same meaning as in section 1.4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations. « transporteur »

Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, Section 1.4

Carrier: means a person who, whether or not for hire or reward, has possession of dangerous goods while they are in transport.

“ certificate ” means a document issued by the Commission under paragraph 21(1)(h) of the Act or by a designated officer authorized under paragraph 37(2)(a) of the Act, indicating the certification of

  • (a) a package design;
  • (b) a design for special form radioactive material;
  • (c) a design for low dispersible radioactive material;
  • (d) the calculation of a value demonstrating that fissile-excepted radioactive material will remain subcritical;
  • (e) the calculation of the basic radionuclide value for radioactive material that has a basic radionuclide value that is not listed in the IAEA Regulations; or
  • (f) the calculation, for an instrument or article that has an alternative activity limit for an exempt consignment, of the alternative activity limit. « document d’homologation »

Nuclear Safety and Control Act

  • 21. (1) The Commission may, in order to attain its objects, […]
    • (h) certify and decertify prescribed equipment for the purposes of this Act;
  • 37. (2) The Commission may authorize a designated officer to
    • (a) certify and decertify prescribed equipment for the purposes of this Act;
“ confinement system ” means the assembly of fissile material and packaging components intended to preserve criticality safety. « système d’isolement »  
“ consignee ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « destinataire » Paragraph 210. Consignee shall mean any person, organization or government that is entitled to take delivery of a consignment.
“ consignment ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « envoi » Paragraph 211. Consignment shall mean any package or packages, or load of radioactive material, presented by a consignor for transport.
“ consignor ” has the same meaning as in section 1.4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations. “« expéditeur »

Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, Section 1.4:

Consignor: means a person in Canada who

  • (a) is named in a shipping document as the consignor;
  • (b) imports or who will import dangerous goods into Canada; or
  • (c) if paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply, has possession of dangerous goods immediately before they are in transport.
“ containment system ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « enveloppe de confinement » Paragraph 213. Containment system shall mean the assembly of components of the packaging specified by the designer as intended to retain the radioactive material during transport.
“ contamination ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « contamination » Paragraph 214. Contamination shall mean the presence of a radioactive substance on a surface in quantities in excess of 0.4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 0.04 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
“ conveyance ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « moyen de transport »

Paragraph 217. Conveyance shall mean:

  • (a) For transport by road or rail: any vehicle.
  • (b) For transport by water: any vessel, or any hold, compartment, or defined deck area of a vessel.
  • (c) For transport by air: any aircraft.
“ criticality safety index ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « indice de sûreté-criticité » Paragraph 218. Criticality safety index (CSI) assigned to a package, overpack or freight container containing fissile material shall mean a number that is used to provide control over the accumulation of packages, overpacks or freight containers containing fissile material.
“ effective dose ” has the same meaning as in subsection 1(1) of the Radiation Protection Regulations. « dose efficace » Radiation Protection Regulations

“effective dose” means the sum of the products, in sievert, obtained by multiplying the equivalent dose of radiation received by and committed to each organ or tissue set out in column 1 of an item of Schedule 1 by the weighting factor set out in column 2 of that item.

“ excepted package ” means a package that is designed in accordance with the applicable requirements of the IAEA Regulations. « colis excepté » Paragraph 622. An excepted package shall be designed to meet the requirements specified in paras 607–618 and, in addition, the requirements of paras 619–621 if carried by air.
“ exclusive use ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « utilisation exclusive » Paragraph 221. Exclusive use shall mean the sole use, by a single consignor, of a conveyance or of a large freight container, in respect of which all initial, intermediate and final loading and unloading and shipment are carried out in accordance with the directions of the consignor or consignee, where so required by these Regulations.

“ fissile-excepted radioactive material ” means fissile radioactive material that is

  • (a) excepted from being classified as fissile in accordance with the IAEA Regulations; or
  • (b) contained in a package that is excepted from being classified as fissile in accordance with those Regulations. « matière radioactive fissile exceptée »

Fissile Material

Paragraph 417. Fissile material and packages containing fissile material shall be classified under the relevant entry as “FISSILE”, in accordance with Table 1 unless excepted by one of the provisions of subparagraphs (a)–(f) of this paragraph and transported subject to the requirements of para. 570. All provisions apply only to material in packages that meets the requirements of para. 636, unless unpackaged material is specifically allowed in the provision:

  • (a) Uranium enriched in uranium-235 to a maximum of 1% by mass, and with a total plutonium and uranium-233 content not exceeding 1% of the mass of uranium-235, provided that the fissile nuclides are distributed essentially homogeneously throughout the material. In addition, if uranium-235 is present in metallic, oxide or carbide forms, it shall not form a lattice arrangement.
  • (b) Liquid solutions of uranyl nitrate enriched in uranium-235 to a maximum of 2% by mass, with a total plutonium and uranium-233 content not exceeding 0.002% of the mass of uranium, and with a minimum nitrogen to uranium atomic ratio (N/U) of 2.
  • (c) Uranium with a maximum uranium enrichment of 5% by mass of uranium-235 provided:
    • (i) There is no more than 3.5 g of uranium-235 per package.
    • (ii) The total plutonium and uranium-233 content does not exceed 1% of the mass of uranium-235 per package.
    • (iii) Transport of the package is subject to the consignment limit provided in para. 570(c).
  • (d) Fissile nuclides with a total mass not greater than 2.0 g per package, provided the package is transported subject to the consignment limit provided in para. 570(d).
  • (e) Fissile nuclides with a total mass not greater than 45 g, either packaged or unpackaged, subject to the limits provided in para. 570(e).
  • (f) A fissile material that meets the requirements of paras 570(b), 606 and 802.
“ fissile material ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « matière fissile »

Paragraph 222. Fissile nuclides shall mean uranium-233, uranium-235, plutonium-239 and plutonium-241. Fissile material shall mean a material containing any of the fissile nuclides. Excluded from the definition of fissile material are the following:

  • (a) Natural uranium or depleted uranium that is unirradiated;
  • (b) Natural uranium or depleted uranium that has been irradiated in thermal reactors only;
  • (c) Material with fissile nuclides less than a total of 0.25 g;
  • (d) Any combination of (a), (b) and/or (c).

These exclusions are only valid if there is no other material with fissile nuclides in the package or in the consignment if shipped unpackaged.

“ freight container ” has the same meaning as in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code. « conteneur »

International Maritime Dangerous Goods CodeFootnote 2

Freight container means an article of transport equipment that is of a permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use; specially designed to facilitate the transport of goods, by one or more modes of transport, without intermediate reloading; designed to be secured and/or readily handled, having fittings for these purposes, and approved in accordance with the International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC), 1972, as amended. In addition, “small freight container” means a freight container that has an internal volume of not more than 3 m3. Large freight container means a freight container that has an internal volume of more than 3 m3.

For freight containers for the transport of radioactive material, a freight container may be used as a packaging. A small freight container is that which has either any overall outer dimension less than 1.5 m, or an internal volume of not more than 3 m3. Any other freight container is considered to be a large freight container.

“ IAEA ” means the International Atomic Energy Agency. « AIEA »  
“ IAEA Regulations ” means the Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, published by the International Atomic Energy Agency, as amended from time to time. « Règlement de l’AIEA »  
“ instrument or article ” means any tool, implement or object, or its components, that encloses nuclear substances and that is fabricated for a particular use other than solely for enclosing those nuclear substances. « Appareils ou objets »  
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code ” means the document of that name published by the International Maritime Organization, as amended from time to time. « Code maritime international des marchandises dangereuses »  
“ large object ” means an object that has been decommissioned from a nuclear facility, that is internally contaminated with nuclear substances meeting the requirements applicable to an SCO-I or SCO-II as set out in the IAEA Regulations and that cannot be transported in a type of package described in these Regulations due to its dimensions. « objet de grande dimension »

Paragraph 413. SCO shall be in one of two groups:

  • (a) SCO-I: A solid object on which:
    • (i) The non-fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 0.4 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (ii) The fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 4 × 104 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 4000 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (iii) The non-fixed contamination plus the fixed contamination on the inaccessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 4 × 104 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 4000 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
  • (b) SCO-II: A solid object on which either the fixed or non-fixed contamination on the surface exceeds the applicable limits specified for SCO-I in (a) above and on which:
    • (i) The non-fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 400 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 40 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (ii) The fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 8 × 105 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 8 × 104 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (iii) The non-fixed contamination plus the fixed  contamination on the inaccessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 8 × 105 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 8 × 104 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
“ low dispersible radioactive material ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « matière radioactive faiblement dispersable » Paragraph 225. Low dispersible radioactive material shall mean either a solid radioactive material or a solid radioactive material in a sealed capsule, that has limited dispersibility and is not in powder form.
“ low toxicity alpha emitters ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « émetteurs alpha de faible toxicité » Paragraph 227. Low toxicity alpha emitters are: natural uranium, depleted uranium, natural thorium, uranium-235, uranium-238, thorium-232, thorium-228 and thorium-230 when contained in ores or physical and chemical concentrates; or alpha emitters with a half-life of less than 10 days.
“ LSA material ” has the meaning assigned by the definition “low specific activity (LSA) material” in the IAEA Regulations. « matière LSA » Paragraph 226. Low specific activity (LSA) material shall mean radioactive material that by its nature has a limited specific activity, or radioactive material for which limits of estimated average specific activity apply. External shielding materials surrounding the LSA material shall not be considered in determining the estimated average specific activity.
“ management system ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « système de gestion » Paragraph 228. Management system shall mean a set of interrelated or interacting elements (system) for establishing policies and objectives and enabling the objectives to be achieved in an efficient and effective manner.
“ overpack ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « suremballage » Paragraph 230. Overpack shall mean an enclosure used by a single consignor to contain one or more packages and to form one unit for convenience of handling and stowage during transport.
“ package ” means packaging with its radioactive contents, as presented for transport. « colis »  
“ packaging ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « emballage » Paragraph 232. Packaging shall mean one or more receptacles and any other components or materials necessary for the receptacles to perform the containment and other safety functions.

“ passenger ” has the same meaning as in section 1.4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations. « passager »

Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, Section 1.4

Passenger: Means

  • (a) for a ship, a person defined as a passenger in the "Canada Shipping Act"; and
  • (b) for a road vehicle, a railway vehicle or an aircraft, a person carried on board the means of transport but does not include
    • (i) a crew member,
    • (ii) a person who is accompanying dangerous goods or other cargo,
    • (iii) an operator, owner or charterer of the means of transport,
    • (iv) an employee of the operator, owner or charterer of the means of transport, who is acting in the course of employment, or
    • (v) a person carrying out inspection or investigation duties under an Act of Parliament or of a provincial legislature.

(passager)

“ prescribed equipment ” means equipment that is prescribed under paragraph 20(a) of the General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations. « équipement réglementé »

General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations

PRESCRIBED EQUIPMENT

20. Each of the following items is prescribed equipment for the purposes of the Act:

  • (a) a package, special form radioactive material, low dispersible radioactive material, fissile-excepted radioactive material, radioactive material that has a basic radionuclide value that is not listed in the IAEA Regulations and an instrument or article that has an alternative activity limit for an exempt consignment, as those terms are defined in subsection 1(1) of the Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015;
“ radioactive material ” means a nuclear substance that is a radioactive material, as defined in the IAEA Regulations. « matière radioactive » Paragraph 236. Radioactive material shall mean any material containing radionuclides where both the activity concentration and the total activity in the consignment exceed the values specified in paras 402–407.
“ registered user ” means a person who has received confirmation under subsection 19(3) from the Commission that their use of a package has been registered. « usager inscrit »  
“ SCO ” has the meaning assigned by the definition “surface contaminated object (SCO)” in the IAEA Regulations. « SCO » Paragraph 241. Surface contaminated object (SCO) shall mean a solid object that is not itself radioactive but which has radioactive material distributed on its surface.
“ special form radioactive material ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « matière radioactive sous forme spéciale » Paragraph 239. Special form radioactive material shall mean either an indispersible solid radioactive material or a sealed capsule containing radioactive material.
“ specific activity ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « activité spécifique » Paragraph 240. Specific activity of a radionuclide shall mean the activity per unit mass of that nuclide. The specific activity of a material shall mean the activity per unit mass of the material in which the radionuclides are essentially uniformly distributed.
Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air ” means the document of that name, designated as Doc 9284, published by the International Civil Aviation Organization, as amended from time to time. « Instructions techniques pour la sécurité du transport aérien des marchandises dangereuses »  
“ transit ” means the process of being transported through Canada after being imported into and before being exported from Canada, in a situation where the place of initial loading and the final destination are outside Canada. « transit »  
“ transport index ” has the same meaning as in the IAEA Regulations. « indice de transport » Paragraph 244. Transport index (TI) assigned to a package, overpack or freight container, or to unpackaged LSA-I or SCO-I, shall mean a number that is used to provide control over radiation exposure.
“ Type A ”, in respect of a package, means that the package is designed in accordance with the applicable requirements of the IAEA Regulations. « type A »

REQUIREMENTS FOR TYPE A PACKAGES

Paragraph 635. Type A packages shall be designed to meet the requirements specified in paras 607–618 and, in addition, the requirements of paras 619–621 if carried by air, and of paras 636–651.

“ Type B ”, in respect of a package, means that the package is classified as either a Type B(U) or a Type B(M) package in accordance with the IAEA Regulations and is designed in accordance with the applicable requirements of those Regulations. « type B »

Classification as Type B(U), Type B(M) or Type C package

Paragraph 431. Type B(U), Type B(M) and Type C packages shall be classified in accordance with the competent authority certificate of approval for the package issued by the country of origin of design.

Paragraph 432. The contents of a Type B(U), Type B(M) or Type C package shall be as specified in the certificate of approval.
Paragraph 433. Type B(U) and Type B(M) packages, if transported by air, shall meet the requirements of para. 432 and shall not contain activities greater than the following:

  • (a) For low dispersible radioactive material — as authorized for the package design as specified in the certificate of approval;
  • (b) For special form radioactive material — 3000A1 or 105A2, whichever is the lower;
  • (c) For all other radioactive material — 3000A2.

REQUIREMENTS FOR TYPE B(U) PACKAGES

Paragraph 652. Type B(U) packages shall be designed to meet the requirements specified in paras 607–618, the requirements specified in paras 619–621 if carried by air, and in paras 636–649, except as specified in para. 648(a), and, in addition, the requirements specified in paras 653–666.

REQUIREMENTS FOR TYPE B(M) PACKAGES

Paragraph 667. Type B(M) packages shall meet the requirements for Type B(U) packages specified in para. 652, except that for packages to be transported solely within a specified country or solely between specified countries, conditions other than those given in paras 639, 655–657 and 660–666 may be assumed with the approval of the competent authorities of these countries. Notwithstanding, the requirements for Type B(U) packages specified in paras 655 and 660–666 shall be met as far as practicable.

Paragraph 668. Intermittent venting of Type B(M) packages may be permitted during transport, provided that the operational controls for venting are acceptable to the relevant competent authorities.

“ Type C ”, in respect of a package, means that the package is designed in accordance with the applicable requirements of the IAEA Regulations. « type C »

REQUIREMENTS FOR TYPE C PACKAGES

Paragraph 669. Type C packages shall be designed to meet the requirements specified in paras 607–621 and 636–649, except as specified in para. 648(a), and the requirements specified in paras 653–657, 661–666 and 670–672.

“ Type H(M) ”, in respect of a package, means that the package has a type code of H(M) in accordance with the IAEA Regulations and is an excepted package, Type IP-1 package, Type IP-2 package, Type IP-3 package or Type A package that is designed to contain more than 0.1 kg of uranium hexafluoride that is non-fissile material or is fissile-excepted radioactive material. « type H(M) »

REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGES CONTAINING URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE

Paragraph 631. Packages designed to contain uranium hexafluoride shall meet the requirements that pertain to the radioactive and fissile properties of the material prescribed elsewhere in these Regulations. Except as allowed in para. 634, uranium hexafluoride in quantities of 0.1 kg or more shall also be packaged and transported in accordance with the provisions of the International Organization for Standardization document ISO 7195: Packaging of Uranium Hexafluoride (UF6) for TransportFootnote 4, and the requirements of paras 632 and 633.

Paragraph 634. Subject to multilateral approval, packages designed to contain 0.1 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride may be transported if the packages are designed:

  • (a) To international or national standards other than ISO 7195Footnote 4, provided an equivalent level of safety is maintained; and/or
  • (b) To withstand, without leakage and without unacceptable stress, a test pressure of less than 2.76 MPa as specified in para. 718; and/or
  • (c) To contain 9000 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride and the packages do not meet the requirement of para. 632(c).

In all other respects, the requirements specified in paras 631–633 shall be satisfied.

“ Type H(U) ”, in respect of a package, means that the package has a type code of H(U) in accordance with the IAEA Regulations and is an excepted package, Type IP-1 package, Type IP-2 package, Type IP-3 package or Type A package that is designed to contain more than 0.1 kg of uranium hexafluoride that is non-fissile material or is fissile-excepted radioactive material. « type H(U) »

REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGES CONTAINING URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE

Paragraph 631. Packages designed to contain uranium hexafluoride shall meet the requirements that pertain to the radioactive and fissile properties of the material prescribed elsewhere in these Regulations. Except as allowed in para. 634, uranium hexafluoride in quantities of 0.1 kg or more shall also be packaged and transported in accordance with the provisions of the International Organization for Standardization document ISO 7195: Packaging of Uranium Hexafluoride (UF6) for TransportFootnote 4, and the requirements of paras 632 and 633.

“ Type IP-1 ”, in respect of a package, means that the package is designed in accordance with the applicable requirements of the IAEA Regulations. « type IP-1 »

Requirements for Type IP-1

Paragraph 623. A Type IP-1 package shall be designed to meet the requirements specified in paras 607–618 and 636 and, in addition, the requirements of paras 619–621 if carried by air.

“ Type IP-2 ”, in respect of a package, means that the package is designed in accordance with the applicable requirements of the IAEA Regulations. « type IP-2 »

Requirements for Type IP-2

Paragraph 624. A package to be qualified as Type IP-2 shall be designed to meet the requirements for Type IP-1 as specified in para. 623 and, in addition, if it were  subjected to the tests specified in paras 722 and 723, it would prevent:

  • (a) Loss or dispersal of the radioactive contents;
  • (b) More than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the package.

Paragraph 626. Packages may be used as Type IP-2, provided that:

  • (a) They satisfy the requirements for Type IP-1 specified in para. 623.
  • (b) They are designed to satisfy the requirements prescribed for UN Packing Group I or II in Chapter 6.1 of the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model RegulationsFootnote 6.
  • (c) When subjected to the tests required for UN Packing Group I or II, they would prevent:
    • (i) Loss or dispersal of the radioactive contents;
    • (ii) More than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the package.

Paragraph 627. Portable tanks may also be used as Type IP-2 or Type IP-3, provided that:

  • (a) They satisfy the requirements for Type IP-1 specified in para. 623.
  • (b) They are designed to satisfy the requirements prescribed in Chapter 6.7 of the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model RegulationsFootnote 6, or other requirements, at least equivalent, and are capable of withstanding a test pressure of 265 kPa.
  • (c) They are designed so that any additional shielding that is provided shall be capable of withstanding the static and dynamic stresses resulting from handling and routine conditions of transport and of preventing more than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the portable tanks.

Paragraph 628. Tanks, other than portable tanks, may also be used as Type IP-2 or Type IP-3 for transporting LSA-I and LSA-II liquids and gases as prescribed in Table 5, provided that:

  • (a) They satisfy the requirements for Type IP-1 specified in para. 623.
  • (b) They are designed to satisfy the requirements prescribed in regional or national regulations for the transport of dangerous goods and are capable of withstanding a test pressure of 265 kPa.
  • (c) They are designed so that any additional shielding that is provided shall be capable of withstanding the static and dynamic stresses resulting from handling and routine conditions of transport and of preventing more than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the tanks.

Paragraph 629. Freight containers with the characteristics of a permanent enclosure may also be used as Type IP-2 or Type IP-3, provided that:

  • (a) The radioactive contents are restricted to solid materials.
  • (b) They satisfy the requirements for Type IP-1 specified in para. 623.
  • (c) They are designed to conform to the International Organization for Standardization document ISO 1496/1: Series 1 Freight Containers — Specifications and Testing — Part 1: General Cargo Containers for General PurposesFootnote 7 excluding dimensions and ratings. They shall be designed such that if subjected to the tests prescribed in that document and to the accelerations occurring during routine conditions of transport they would prevent:
    • (i) Loss or dispersal of the radioactive contents;
    • (ii) More than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the freight containers.

Paragraph 630. Metal IBCs may also be used as Type IP-2 or Type IP-3, provided that:

  • (a) They satisfy the requirements for Type IP-1 specified in para. 623.
  • (b) They are designed to satisfy the requirements prescribed for UN Packing Group I or II in Chapter 6.5 of the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model RegulationsFootnote 6, and if they were subjected to the tests prescribed in that document, but with the drop test conducted in the most damaging orientation, they would prevent:
    • (i) Loss or dispersal of the radioactive contents;
    • (ii) More than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the IBC.
“ Type IP-3 ”, in respect of a package, means that the package is designed in accordance with the applicable requirements of the IAEA Regulations. « type IP-3 »

Requirements for Type IP-3

Paragraph 625. A package to be qualified as Type IP-3 shall be designed to meet the requirements for Type IP-1 as specified in para. 623 and, in addition, the requirements specified in paras 636–649.

Paragraph 627. Portable tanks may also be used as Type IP-2 or Type IP-3, provided that:

  • (a) They satisfy the requirements for Type IP-1 specified in para. 623.
  • (b) They are designed to satisfy the requirements prescribed in Chapter 6.7 of the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model RegulationsFootnote 6, or other requirements, at least equivalent, and are capable of withstanding a test pressure of 265 kPa.
  • (c) They are designed so that any additional shielding that is provided shall be capable of withstanding the static and dynamic stresses resulting from handling and routine conditions of transport and of preventing more than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the portable tanks.

Paragraph 628. Tanks, other than portable tanks, may also be used as Type IP-2 or Type IP-3 for transporting LSA-I and LSA-II liquids and gases as prescribed in Table 5, provided that:

  • (a) They satisfy the requirements for Type IP-1 specified in para. 623.
  • (b) They are designed to satisfy the requirements prescribed in regional or national regulations for the transport of dangerous goods and are capable of withstanding a test pressure of 265 kPa.
  • (c) They are designed so that any additional shielding that is provided shall be capable of withstanding the static and dynamic stresses resulting from handling and routine conditions of transport and of preventing more than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the tanks.

Paragraph 629. Freight containers with the characteristics of a permanent enclosure may also be used as Type IP-2 or Type IP-3, provided that:

  • (a) The radioactive contents are restricted to solid materials.
  • (b) They satisfy the requirements for Type IP-1 specified in para. 623.
  • (c) They are designed to conform to the International Organization for Standardization document ISO 1496/1: Series 1 Freight Containers — Specifications and Testing — Part 1: General Cargo Containers for General PurposesFootnote 7 excluding dimensions and ratings. They shall be designed such that if subjected to the tests prescribed in that document and to the accelerations occurring during routine conditions of transport they would prevent:
    • (i) Loss or dispersal of the radioactive contents;
    • (ii) More than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the freight containers.

aragraph 630. Metal IBCs may also be used as Type IP-2 or Type IP-3, provided that:

  • (a) They satisfy the requirements for Type IP-1 specified in para. 623.
  • (b) They are designed to satisfy the requirements prescribed for UN Packing Group I or II in Chapter 6.5 of the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model RegulationsFootnote 6, and if they were subjected to the tests prescribed in that document, but with the drop test conducted in the most damaging orientation, they would prevent:
    • (i) Loss or dispersal of the radioactive contents;
    • (ii) More than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the IBC.
(2) For the purposes of these Regulations, the incorporation by reference of any particular amendment of the IAEA Regulations is effective two years after the day on which the amendment is initially published by the IAEA or six months after the day on which the amendment is available in both of the official languages of Canada, whichever is later.  
(3) The Commission must note the effective date of the incorporation by reference on its website.  

(4) In the French version of these Regulations,

  • (a) other than in paragraphs 6(1)(f), 7(h) and 11(3)(f) and subparagraph 26(1)(b)(iv), “approbation” is to be read to include “certificat d’agrément” and “certificat d’approbation” as used in the IAEA Regulations; and
  • (b) “approuvé” is to be read to include “agréé” as used in the IAEA Regulations.
The PTNSR 2015 incorporate by reference the 2012 Edition of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material.
(5) In the English version of these Regulations, other than in paragraphs 6(1)(f), 7(h), 11(3)(f) and subparagraph 26(1)(b)(iv), “approval” means “certificate of approval” as used in the IAEA Regulations.  

Application

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Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted

2. (1) Subject to subsection (2), these Regulations apply to the packaging and transport of

  • (a) prescribed equipment; and
  • (b) nuclear substances, including
    • (i) the design, production, use, inspection, maintenance and repair of packaging and packages for nuclear substances, and
    • (ii) the preparation, consigning, handling, loading, carriage, storage during transport, receipt at final destination and unloading of packages and unpacking of their contents.
 

(2) These Regulations, except for sections 6 and 7, do not apply to the packaging and transport of a nuclear substance

  • (a) that is naturally occurring, provided that it has
    • (i) a specific activity that is less than or equal to 70 kBq/kg, or
    • (ii) an activity concentration that does not exceed 10 times the activity concentration limit for exempt material values set out in the IAEA Regulations;

See Table 2, column 4 of the IAEA Regulations.

DETERMINATION OF BASIC RADIONUCLIDE VALUES

Paragraph 403. For individual radionuclides:

  • (a) That are not listed in Table 2, the determination of the basic radionuclide values referred to in para. 402 shall require multilateral approval. For these radionuclides, activity concentrations for exempt material and activity limits for exempt consignments shall be calculated in accordance with the principles established in the BSSFootnote 5. It is permissible to use an A2 value calculated using a dose coefficient for the appropriate lung absorption type, as recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection, if the chemical forms of each radionuclide under both normal and accident conditions of transport are taken into consideration. Alternatively, the radionuclide values in Table 3 may be used without obtaining competent authority approval.
  • (b) In instruments or articles in which the radioactive material is enclosed in or is included as a component part of the instrument or other manufactured article and which meets para. 423(c), alternative basic radionuclide values to those in Table 2 for the activity limit for an exempt consignment are permitted and shall require multilateral approval. Such alternative activity limits for an exempt consignment shall be calculated in accordance with the principles set out in the BSSFootnote 5.

Paragraph 405. For mixtures of radionuclides, the basic radionuclide values referred to in para. 402 may be determined as follows:

X m = 1 i f(i) X(i) MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamiwamaaBa aaleaacaWGTbaabeaakiabg2da9maalaaabaGaaGymaaqaamaaqaha baWaaSaaaeaacaWGMbGaaiikaiaadMgacaGGPaaabaGaamiwaiaacI cacaWGPbGaaiykaaaaaSqaaiaadMgaaeaaa0GaeyyeIuoaaaaaaa@4362@

where

  • f (i) is the fraction of activity or activity concentration of radionuclide i in the mixture.
  • X (i) is the appropriate value of A1 or A2, or the activity concentration limit for exempt material or the activity limit for an exempt consignment as appropriate for the radionuclide i.
  • Xm is the derived value of A1 or A2, or the activity concentration limit for exempt material or the activity limit for an exempt consignment in the case of a mixture.

Paragraph 406. When the identity of each radionuclide is known but the individual activities of some of the radionuclides are not known, the radionuclides may be grouped and the lowest radionuclide value, as appropriate for the radionuclides in each group, may be used in applying the formulas in paras 405 and 430. Groups may be based on the total alpha activity and the total beta/gamma activity when these are known, using the lowest radionuclide values for the alpha emitters or beta/gamma emitters, respectively.

Paragraph 407. For individual radionuclides or for mixtures of radionuclides for which relevant data are not available, the values shown in Table 3 shall be used.

  • (b) that was implanted in or administered to a person or an animal for medical diagnosis or treatment purposes, or that subsists in their remains;
  • (c) that is contained in a sample of material taken for bioassay purposes;
 
  • (d) that is used by a holder of a licence on private property for the purpose of an activity described in paragraphs 26(a) to (c) of the Act that the licence authorizes the holder to carry on, if access to the property is controlled;

Nuclear Safety and Control Act

26. Subject to the regulations, no person shall, except in accordance with a licence,

  • (a) possess, transfer, import, export, use or abandon a nuclear substance, prescribed equipment or prescribed information;
  • (b) mine, produce, refine, convert, enrich, process, reprocess, package, transport, manage, store or dispose of a nuclear substance;
  • (c) produce or service prescribed equipment;
  • (e) that is contained in human or animal tissue samples or animal remains, or a liquid scintillation medium, if the specific activity of the nuclear substance averaged over the mass of the material does not exceed 10-6 A2/kg;
 
  • (f) that is contained in a product for which no licence is required under sections 6 to 8 of the Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations following the sale of the product to an end user;

Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations

6. A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer, use or abandon a smoke detector that contains a nuclear substance, if

SMOKE DETECTORS

  • (a) the smoke detector does not contain more than 185 kBq of americium 241 or, where it is in a commercial or industrial facility, more than 740 kBq of americium 241;
  • (b) the radiation dose rate does not exceed 1 µSv per hour at 0.1 m from any of the accessible surfaces of the smoke detector;
  • (c) the design and construction of the smoke detector prevent persons from making direct contact with the nuclear substance that it contains under normal conditions of use;
  • (d) all markings and labels on the smoke detector are legible;
  • (e) the radioactive nuclear substance contained in the smoke detector is a sealed source that, when it is mounted in its holder, conforms to International Standard 2919, Radiation Protection — Sealed radioactive sources — General requirements and classification (1999), of the International Organization for Standardization; and
  • (f) the smoke detector meets the tests specified in the annex entitled Prototype Tests of the Recommendations for ionization chamber smoke detectors in implementation of radiation protection standards (1977) of the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

TRITIUM SAFETY SIGNS

7. A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer, use or abandon a tritium-activated self-luminous safety sign if

  • (a) the only nuclear substance contained in the safety sign is tritium;
  • (b) the safety sign contains no more than 925 GBq of tritium in gaseous form;
  • (c) the light-emitting component containing the tritium consists of glass tubes that are enclosed in a sturdy metal or plastic frame mounted in a manner that prevents the dismantlement and removal of the glass tubes;
  • (d) the amount of tritium present in the form of oxide does not exceed 1 per cent per volume for each glass tube;
  • (e) the safety sign conforms to ANSI/HPS N43.4-2000, Classification of Radioactive Self-Luminous Light Sources, of the American National Standards Institute/Health Physics Society, or to Standard MIL-STD-810F, 2000, Department of Defense Test Method Standard for Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests, of the United States Department of Defense; and
  • (f) the safety sign, if it is manufactured after the coming into force of this paragraph, is marked with the name and quantity in becquerels of the nuclear substance, the manufacturer’s recommended expiry date for the sign and the date of manufacture of the sign.

DEVICES CONTAINING RADIUM LUMINOUS COMPOUNDS

8. A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer or use a device that contains a nuclear substance, if

  • (a) the only nuclear substance contained in the device is a radium luminous compound;
  • (b) the person does not possess more than 10 such devices; and
  • (c) the device is not disassembled or tampered with.
  • g) that is an integral part of a conveyance and is required for transport purposes;
 
  • (h) that has an activity concentration that does not exceed the values for an exempt material set out in the IAEA Regulations or in a certificate for a basic radionuclide value that is not listed in the IAEA Regulations;
    • (i) that is in a consignment that has a total activity that does not exceed the values for an activity limit for an exempt consignment set out in the IAEA Regulations, in a certificate for a basic radionuclide value that is not listed in the IAEA Regulations or in a certificate for an instrument or article that has an alternative activity limit for an exempt consignment;

See Table 2, column 4 of the IAEA Regulations.

DETERMINATION OF BASIC RADIONUCLIDE VALUES

Paragraph 403. For individual radionuclides:

  • (a) That are not listed in Table 2, the determination of the basic radionuclide values referred to in para. 402 shall require multilateral approval. For these radionuclides, activity concentrations for exempt material and activity limits for exempt consignments shall be calculated in accordance with the principles established in the BSSFootnote 5. It is permissible to use an A2 value calculated using a dose coefficient for the appropriate lung absorption type, as recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection, if the chemical forms of each radionuclide under both normal and accident conditions of transport are taken into consideration. Alternatively, the radionuclide values in Table 3 may be used without obtaining competent authority approval.
  • (b) In instruments or articles in which the radioactive material is enclosed in or is included as a component part of the instrument or other manufactured article and which meets para. 423(c), alternative basic radionuclide values to those in Table 2 for the activity limit for an exempt consignment are permitted and shall require multilateral approval. Such alternative activity limits for an exempt consignment shall be calculated in accordance with the principles set out in the BSSFootnote 5.

Paragraph 405. For mixtures of radionuclides, the basic radionuclide values referred to in para. 402 may be determined as follows:

X m = 1 i f(i) X(i) MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamiwamaaBa aaleaacaWGTbaabeaakiabg2da9maalaaabaGaaGymaaqaamaaqaha baWaaSaaaeaacaWGMbGaaiikaiaadMgacaGGPaaabaGaamiwaiaacI cacaWGPbGaaiykaaaaaSqaaiaadMgaaeaaa0GaeyyeIuoaaaaaaa@4362@

where

  • f (i) is the fraction of activity or activity concentration of radionuclide i in the mixture.
  • X (i) is the appropriate value of A1 or A2, or the activity concentration limit for exempt material or the activity limit for an exempt consignment as appropriate for the radionuclide i.
  • Xm is the derived value of A1 or A2, or the activity concentration limit for exempt material or the activity limit for an exempt consignment in the case of a mixture.

Paragraph 406. When the identity of each radionuclide is known but the individual activities of some of the radionuclides are not known, the radionuclides may be grouped and the lowest radionuclide value, as appropriate for the radionuclides in each group, may be used in applying the formulas in paras 405 and 430. Groups may be based on the total alpha activity and the total beta/gamma activity when these are known, using the lowest radionuclide values for the alpha emitters or beta/gamma emitters, respectively.

Paragraph 407. For individual radionuclides or for mixtures of radionuclides for which relevant data are not available, the values shown in Table 3 shall be used.

  • (j) that is contained in a check source for which no licence is required under section 8.1 of the Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations following the sale of the check source to an end user;

Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations

CHECK SOURCES

8.1 A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer, store, use or abandon a check source that contains a radioactive nuclear substance and that is designed to verify the response of an instrument when exposed to the radiation output of the check source, if

  • (a) the check source contains
    • (i) not more than 370 kBq of a nuclear substance and the substance, or its short-lived radioactive progeny, does not emit alpha radiation, or
    • (ii) not more than 3.7 kBq of a nuclear substance if the atomic number of the substance is greater than 81 and the substance, or its short-lived radioactive progeny, emits alpha radiation;
  • (b) the radiation dose rate does not exceed 1 µSv per hour at 0.1 m from any of the accessible surfaces of the check source;
  • (c) the design and construction of the check source, under normal conditions of use, prevent persons from making direct contact with the nuclear substance that it contains;
  • (d) all markings and labels on the check source or exterior packaging are legible;
  • (e) the radioactive nuclear substance in the check source, when it is mounted in its holder, conforms to International Standard 2919, Radiation Protection — Sealed radioactive sources — General requirements and classification (1999), of the International Organization for Standardization; and
  • (f) the check source, if it is a sealed source, meets the tests specified in ANSI/HPS N43.6-1997, Sealed Radioactive Sources — Classification, of the American National Standards Institute/Health Physics Society.
  • (k) that is contained in a radiation device for which no licence is required under paragraph 5(1)(c) of the Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations following the sale of the device to an end user;

Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations

5. (1) A person may carry on any of the following activities without a licence: […]

(c) possess, transfer, import, export, store, use or abandon a radiation device, other than an exposure device, if the quantity of the nuclear substance or substances contained in the device is less than 10 times the exemption quantity;

  • (l) that consists of non-radioactive solid objects with radioactive material present on any surface in quantities not exceeding 0.4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters and 0.04 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters;
  • (m) that is in or on a person who is transported for medical treatment because the person has been subject to an accidental or deliberate intake or contamination;
  • (n) that is present in a load of waste that is in transport, is not classified as radioactive material and has triggered a radiation monitor alarm if the nuclear substance in the load has been determined only to be one or more of the following medical isotopes and if there is no loss or dispersal of the material during the transport:
    • (i) Chromium 51,
    • (ii) Indium 111,
    • (iii) Iodine 123, 124 or 131,
    • (iv) Gallium 67,
    • (v) Technetium 99m,
    • (vi) Thallium 201;
  • (o) that is being transported to a location for proper characterization in accordance with section 3, if
    • (i) it is present in a load that was already in transport,
    • (ii) it is not classified as radioactive material,
    • (iii) it has triggered a radiation monitor alarm and the maximum dose rate on any external surface of the vehicle that is transporting it is less than or equal to 500 μSv/h, and
    • (iv) there is no loss or dispersal of the material during the transport; or
  • (p) that is being transported by a peace officer to a location for proper characterization, if
    • (i) it is a forensic sample,
    • (ii) the peace officer has reason to believe that it is radioactive material,
    • (iii) the maximum dose rate on contact is less than or equal to 2mSv/h on any external surface of the container,
    • (iv) there is no loss or dispersal of the material during the transport, and
  • (v) the Commission is advised immediately of the transport.
 
3. (1) The nuclear substance referred to in paragraph 2(2)(o) must be characterized at the earliest possible time to determine the extent to which it is subject to these Regulations and the Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations. Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations

(2) For the purpose of this section, a licensable quantity of a nuclear substance is a quantity

  • (a) in respect of which the activity exceeds the exemption quantity, as defined in section 1 of the Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations; or

Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations

“exemption quantity” means any of the following:

  • (a) in respect of a radioactive nuclear substance set out in column 1 of Schedule 1,
    • (i) if the radioactive nuclear substance is uniformly distributed in material and not in bulk quantity, the corresponding activity concentration set out in column 2, or
    • (ii) the corresponding activity set out in column 3;
  • (b) in respect of a radioactive nuclear substance that is not set out in column 1 of Schedule 1,
    • (i) if the atomic number of the substance is equal to or less than 81,
      • (A) 10 Bq/g if the radioactive nuclear substance is uniformly distributed in material and not in bulk quantity, or
      • (B) 10,000 Bq,
    • (ii) if the atomic number of the substance is greater than 81 and the substance, or its short-lived radioactive progeny, does not emit alpha radiation,
      • (A) 10 Bq/g if the radioactive nuclear substance is uniformly distributed in material and not in bulk quantity, or
      • (B) 10,000 Bq, or
    • (iii) if the atomic number of the substance is greater than 81 and the substance, or its short-lived radioactive progeny, emits alpha radiation,
      • (A) 1 Bq/g if the radioactive nuclear substance is uniformly distributed in material and not in bulk quantity, or
      • (B) 1,000 Bq; or
  • (c) in respect of more than one radioactive nuclear substance,
    • (i) if the radioactive nuclear substances are uniformly distributed in material and not in bulk quantity, the quotient obtained by dividing the total activity concentration by the sum of quotients obtained by dividing the activity concentration of each radioactive nuclear substance by its corresponding exemption quantity as referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), or
    • (ii) the quotient obtained by dividing the total activity by the corresponding sum of quotients obtained by dividing the activity of each radioactive nuclear substance by its corresponding exemption quantity as referred to in paragraph (a) or (b). (quantité d’exemption)
  • (b) in respect of which there is no exemption from licensing under sections 5 to 8.1 of those Regulations.

Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations

EXEMPTIONS FROM LICENCE REQUIREMENT

GENERAL EXEMPTED ACTIVITIES

5. (1) A person may carry on any of the following activities without a licence:

  • (a) possess, transfer, import, export, use, mine, produce, refine, convert, enrich, process, reprocess, manage or store a radioactive nuclear substance if the activity or the activity concentration of the substance does not, at any one time, exceed
    • (i) its exemption quantity,
    • (ii) its conditional clearance level, or
    • (iii) its unconditional clearance level;
  • (b) possess, transfer, import, export, store, use, abandon, produce or service a sealed source that contains less than the exemption quantity of a radioactive nuclear substance;
  • (c) possess, transfer, import, export, store, use or abandon a radiation device, other than an exposure device, if the quantity of the nuclear substance or substances contained in the device is less than 10 times the exemption quantity;
  • (d) possess, transfer, store, use, abandon, produce, refine, convert, enrich, process, reprocess, manage or dispose of deuterium or a compound containing deuterium, if the quantity of deuterium is less than 10 kg in any calendar year;
  • (e) possess, transfer, store, use or manage depleted uranium, in any quantity, when used as counterweights in aircraft and
    • (i) each counterweight manufactured after the coming into force of this subparagraph is durably and legibly impressed with the words “DEPLETED URANIUM APPAUVRI” and the words are visible through any plating or other covering,
    • (ii) each counterweight manufactured after the coming into force of this subparagraph is durably and legibly labelled or impressed with the name of the manufacturer and its unique identification number and the statement “UNAUTHORIZED ALTERATIONS PROHIBITED / MODIFICATIONS INTERDITES SANS AUTORISATION”, and
    • (iii) no chemical, physical or metallurgical treatment or processing of the counterweights is done other than for the repair or restoration of any plating or other covering; or
  • (f) possess, transfer, use or abandon material that contains not more than 10 kg of depleted uranium, natural uranium or natural thorium in any calendar year and that is not used for its radiation properties.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of Category I, II or III nuclear material, as defined in section 1 of the Nuclear Security Regulations.

(3) Paragraphs (1)(a) to (c) do not apply in respect of the import or export of a nuclear substance, sealed source or radiation device to which the Nuclear Non-proliferation Import and Export Control Regulations apply.

ABANDONMENT OR DISPOSAL

5.1 (1) A person may, without a licence, abandon or dispose of a radioactive nuclear substance if the activity or the activity concentration of the substance does not exceed

  • (a) its exemption quantity;
  • (b) its conditional clearance level; or
  • (c) its unconditional clearance level.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of

  • (a) Category I nuclear material, Category II nuclear material or Category III nuclear material, as those terms are defined in section 1 of the Nuclear Security Regulations; or
  • (b) discharges of effluents from
    • (i) Class I nuclear facilities, as defined in section 1 of the Class I Nuclear Facilities Regulations, or
    • (ii) mines or mills, as those terms are defined in section 1 of the Uranium Mines and Mills Regulations.

SMOKE DETECTORS

6. A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer, use or abandon a smoke detector that contains a nuclear substance, if

  • (a) the smoke detector does not contain more than 185 kBq of americium 241 or, where it is in a commercial or industrial facility, more than 740 kBq of americium 241;
  • (b) the radiation dose rate does not exceed 1 µSv per hour at 0.1 m from any of the accessible surfaces of the smoke detector;
  • (c) the design and construction of the smoke detector prevent persons from making direct contact with the nuclear substance that it contains under normal conditions of use;
  • (d) all markings and labels on the smoke detector are legible;
  • (e) the radioactive nuclear substance contained in the smoke detector is a sealed source that, when it is mounted in its holder, conforms to International Standard 2919, Radiation Protection — Sealed radioactive sources — General requirements and classification (1999), of the International Organization for Standardization; and
  • (f) the smoke detector meets the tests specified in the annex entitled Prototype Tests of the Recommendations for ionization chamber smoke detectors in implementation of radiation protection standards (1977) of the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

TRITIUM SAFETY SIGNS

7. A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer, use or abandon a tritium-activated self-luminous safety sign if

  • (a) the only nuclear substance contained in the safety sign is tritium;
  • (b) the safety sign contains no more than 925 GBq of tritium in gaseous form;
  • (c) the light-emitting component containing the tritium consists of glass tubes that are enclosed in a sturdy metal or plastic frame mounted in a manner that prevents the dismantlement and removal of the glass tubes;
  • (d) the amount of tritium present in the form of oxide does not exceed 1 per cent per volume for each glass tube;
  • (e) the safety sign conforms to ANSI/HPS N43.4-2000, Classification of Radioactive Self-Luminous Light Sources, of the American National Standards Institute/Health Physics Society, or to Standard MIL-STD-810F, 2000, Department of Defense Test Method Standard for Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests, of the United States Department of Defense; and
  • (f) the safety sign, if it is manufactured after the coming into force of this paragraph, is marked with the name and quantity in becquerels of the nuclear substance, the manufacturer’s recommended expiry date for the sign and the date of manufacture of the sign.

DEVICES CONTAINING RADIUM LUMINOUS COMPOUNDS

8. A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer or use a device that contains a nuclear substance, if

  • (a) the only nuclear substance contained in the device is a radium luminous compound;
  • (b) the person does not possess more than 10 such devices; and
  • (c) the device is not disassembled or tampered with.

CHECK SOURCES

8.1 A person may, without a licence to carry on that activity, possess, transfer, store, use or abandon a check source that contains a radioactive nuclear substance and that is designed to verify the response of an instrument when exposed to the radiation output of the check source, if

  • (a) the check source contains
    • (i) not more than 370 kBq of a nuclear substance and the substance, or its short-lived radioactive progeny, does not emit alpha radiation, or
    • (ii) not more than 3.7 kBq of a nuclear substance if the atomic number of the substance is greater than 81 and the substance, or its short-lived radioactive progeny, emits alpha radiation;
  • (b) the radiation dose rate does not exceed 1 µSv per hour at 0.1 m from any of the accessible surfaces of the check source;
  • (c) the design and construction of the check source, under normal conditions of use, prevent persons from making direct contact with the nuclear substance that it contains;
  • (d) all markings and labels on the check source or exterior packaging are legible;
  • (e) the radioactive nuclear substance in the check source, when it is mounted in its holder, conforms to International Standard 2919, Radiation Protection — Sealed radioactive sources — General requirements and classification (1999), of the International Organization for Standardization; and
  • (f) the check source, if it is a sealed source, meets the tests specified in ANSI/HPS N43.6-1997, Sealed Radioactive Sources — Classification, of the American National Standards Institute/Health Physics Society.

(3) The person who performs the characterization must

  • (a) keep a record documenting the detection of the radiation and the disposal of the nuclear substance for two years;
  • (b) file an annual report with the Commission by April 30 that contains a summary of radiation detections for the calendar year before the date of the report; and
  • (c) immediately notify the Commission if the source of the radioactivity in the load is determined to be a licensable quantity of a nuclear substance.
 

(4) If the measured dose rate at the time that the alarm is triggered is greater than 5 μSv/h and less than or equal to 25 μSv/h and there is no loss or dispersal of the nuclear substance during the transport, the consignor, the carrier and the consignee must

  • (a) immediately make a preliminary report to the Commission indicating the alarm level, the details of the transport, information on the location and circumstances of the detected radiation and any action that they have taken or propose to take in respect of it; and
  • (b) characterize the source of the radiation within 10 days after its detection and make a follow-up report
    • (i) immediately, if the characterization of the source of the radioactivity in the load indicates that it is a licensable quantity of a nuclear substance, or
    • (ii) within 21 days after the initial detection, if the nuclear substance in the load is determined not to be of a licensable quantity, with a summary of the radiation detection and the disposal of the substance and a confirmation that it is not of a licensable quantity.
 

(5) If the measured dose rate at the time that the alarm is triggered is greater than 25 μSv/h but less than or equal to 500 μSv/h and there is no loss or dispersal of the nuclear substance during the transport, the consignor, carrier and consignee must

  • (a) immediately make a preliminary report to the Commission indicating the alarm level, the details of the transport, information on the location and circumstances of the detected radiation and any action that they have taken or propose to take in respect of it;
(b) isolate the load, prevent dispersal of the nuclear substance and control access to it to ensure that persons are not exposed to effective doses that exceed the limits set out in section 13 of the Radiation Protection Regulations;

Radiation Protection Regulations

EFFECTIVE DOSE LIMITS

13. (1) Every licensee shall ensure that the effective dose received by and committed to a person described in column 1 of an item of the table to this subsection, during the period set out in column 2 of that item, does not exceed the effective dose set out in column 3 of that item.

Item Column 1
Person
Column 2
Period
Column 3
Effective Dose (mSv)
1 Nuclear energy worker, including a pregnant nuclear energy worker (a) One-year dosimetry period 50
1 Nuclear energy worker, including a pregnant nuclear energy worker (b) Five-year dosimetry period 100
2 Pregnant nuclear energy worker Balance of the pregnancy 4
3 A person who is not a nuclear energy worker One calendar year 1

(2) For the purpose of item 1 of the table to subsection (1), the effective dose shall be calculated using the following formula and expressed in millisievert:

E+5RnP+20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRiaaiwdacaWGsbGaamOBaiaadcfacqGHRaWkcaaIYaGaaGimamaa qaeabaWaaSaaaeaacaaIXaaabaGaamyqaiaadYeacaWGjbaaaaWcbe qab0GaeyyeIuoaaaa@429C@

(3) For the purpose of item 2 of the table to subsection (1), the effective dose shall be calculated using the following formula and expressed in millisievert:

E+20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRiaaikdacaaIWaWaaabqaeaadaWcaaqaaiaadMeaaeaacaWGbbGa amitaiaadMeaaaaaleqabeqdcqGHris5aaaa@3E6F@

(4) For the purpose of item 3 of the table to subsection (1), the effective dose shall be calculated using either of the following formulas and expressed in millisievert:

E+ Rn 60 +20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRmaalaaabaGaamOuaiaad6gaaeaacaaI2aGaaGimaaaacqGHRaWk caaIYaGaaGimamaaqaeabaWaaSaaaeaacaWGjbaabaGaamyqaiaadY eacaWGjbaaaaWcbeqab0GaeyyeIuoaaaa@42A5@ E+4RnP+20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRiaaisdacaWGsbGaamOBaiaadcfacqGHRaWkcaaIYaGaaGimamaa qaeabaWaaSaaaeaacaWGjbaabaGaamyqaiaadYeacaWGjbaaaaWcbe qab0GaeyyeIuoaaaa@42AE@ (5) For the purpose of subsection (1), where the end of a dosimeter-wearing period or a bioassay-sampling period does not coincide with the end of a dosimetry period set out in column 2 of the table to that subsection, the licensee may extend or reduce the dosimetry period to a maximum of two weeks so that the end of the dosimetry period coincides with the end of the dosimeter-wearing period or biossay-sampling period, as the case may be.
  • (c) have an expert in radiation protection assess the situation; and
  • (d) report the results of the assessment to the Commission within 10 days after the detection and make a follow-up report
    • (i) immediately, if the characterization of the source of the radioactivity in the load indicates that it is a licensable quantity of a nuclear substance, or
    • (ii) within 21 days after the initial detection, if the nuclear substance in the load is determined not to be of a licensable quantity, with a summary of the radiation detection and the disposal of the substance and a confirmation that it is not of a licensable quantity.
 

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Classification of material and packages

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted
4. Subject to section 5, packages and radioactive material must be classified in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

CLASSIFICATION OF MATERIAL

Low specific activity material

Paragraph 408. Radioactive material may only be classified as LSA material if the conditions of paras 226, 409–411 and 517–522 are met.

Paragraph 410. A single package of non-combustible solid LSA-II or LSA-III material, if carried by air, shall not contain an activity greater than 3000A2.

Paragraph 411. The radioactive contents in a single package of LSA material shall be so restricted that the radiation level specified in para. 517 shall not be exceeded, and the activity in a single package shall also be so restricted that the activity limits for a conveyance specified in para. 522 shall not be exceeded.

Surface contaminated object

Paragraph 412. Radioactive material may be classified as SCO if the conditions in paras 241, 413, 414 and 517– 522 are met.

Paragraph 413. SCO shall be in one of two groups:

  • (a) SCO-I: A solid object on which:
    • (i) The non-fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 0.4 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (ii) The fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 4 × 104 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 4000 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (iii) The non-fixed contamination plus the fixed contamination on the inaccessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 4 × 104 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 4000 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
  • (b) SCO-II: A solid object on which either the fixed or non-fixed contamination on the surface exceeds the applicable limits specified for SCO-I in (a) above and on which:
    • (i) The non-fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 400 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 40 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (ii) The fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 8 × 105 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 8 × 104 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (iii) The non-fixed contamination plus the fixed  contamination on the inaccessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 8 × 105 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 8 × 104 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.

Paragraph 414. The radioactive contents in a single package of SCO shall be so restricted that the radiation level specified in para. 517 shall not be exceeded, and the activity in a single package shall also be so restricted that the activity limits for a conveyance specified in para. 522 shall not be exceeded.

Special form radioactive material

Paragraph 415. Radioactive material may be classified as special form radioactive material only if it meets the requirements of paras 602–604 and 802.

Low dispersible radioactive material

Paragraph 416. Radioactive material may be classified as low dispersible radioactive material only if it meets the requirements of para. 605, taking into account the requirements of paras 665 and 802.

Fissile material

Paragraph 417. Fissile material and packages containing fissile material shall be classified under the relevant entry as “FISSILE”, in accordance with Table 1 unless excepted by one of the provisions of subparagraphs (a)–(f) of this paragraph and transported subject to the requirements of para. 570. All provisions apply only to material in packages that meets the requirements of para. 636, unless unpackaged material is specifically allowed in the provision:

  • (a) Uranium enriched in uranium-235 to a maximum of 1% by mass, and with a total plutonium and uranium-233 content not exceeding 1% of the mass of uranium-235, provided that the fissile nuclides are distributed essentially homogeneously throughout the material. In addition, if uranium-235 is present in metallic, oxide or carbide forms, it shall not form a lattice arrangement.
  • (b) Liquid solutions of uranyl nitrate enriched in uranium-235 to a maximum of 2% by mass, with a total plutonium and uranium-233 content not exceeding 0.002% of the mass of uranium, and with a minimum nitrogen to uranium atomic ratio (N/U) of 2.
  • (c) Uranium with a maximum uranium enrichment of 5% by mass of uranium-235 provided:
    • (i) There is no more than 3.5 g of uranium-235 per package.
    • (ii) The total plutonium and uranium-233 content does not exceed 1% of the mass of uranium-235 per package.
    • (iii) Transport of the package is subject to the consignment limit provided in para. 570(c).
      (d) Fissile nuclides with a total mass not greater than 2.0 g per package, provided the package is transported subject to the consignment limit provided in para. 570(d).
  • (e) Fissile nuclides with a total mass not greater than 45 g, either packaged or unpackaged, subject to the limits provided in para. 570(e).
  • (f) A fissile material that meets the requirements of paras 570(b), 606 and 802.

Paragraph 418. The contents of packages containing fissile material shall be as specified for the package design, either directly in these Regulations or in the certificate of approval.

Uranium hexafluoride

Paragraph 419. Uranium hexafluoride shall be assigned to one of the following UN numbers only:

  • (a) UN 2977, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE, FISSILE;
  • (b) UN 2978, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE, non-fissile or fissile-excepted;
  • (c) UN 3507, URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE, less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile-excepted.

Paragraph 420. The contents of a package containing uranium hexafluoride shall comply with the following requirements:

  • (a) The mass of uranium hexafluoride shall not be different from that allowed for the package design.
  • (b) The mass of uranium hexafluoride shall not be greater than a value that would lead to an ullage of less than 5% at the maximum temperature of the package, as specified for the plant systems where the package might be used.
  • (c) The uranium hexafluoride shall be in solid form and the internal pressure shall not be above atmospheric pressure when presented for transport.

CLASSIFICATION OF PACKAGES

Paragraph 421. The quantity of radioactive material in a package shall not exceed the relevant limits for the package type as specified below.

Classification as excepted package

Paragraph 422. A package may be classified as an excepted package if it meets one of the following conditions:

  • (a) It is an empty package having contained radioactive material;
  • (b) It contains instruments or articles not exceeding the activity limits specified in Table 4;
  • (c) It contains articles manufactured of natural uranium, depleted uranium or natural thorium;
  • (d) It contains radioactive material not exceeding the activity limits specified in Table 4;
  • (e) It contains less than 0.1 kg of uranium hexafluoride not exceeding the activity limits specified in column 4 of Table 4.

[See the IAEA Regulations for Table 4, Activity Limits for Excepted Packages.]

Paragraph 423. Radioactive material that is enclosed in or is included as a component part of an instrument or other manufactured article, may be classified under UN 2911, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE — INSTRUMENTS or ARTICLES, provided that:

  • (a) The radiation level at 10 cm from any point on the external surface of any unpackaged instrument or article is not greater than 0.1 mSv/h.
  • (b) Each instrument or article bears the marking “RADIOACTIVE” on its external surface except for the following:
    • (i) Radioluminescent timepieces or devices do not require markings.
    • (ii) Consumer products that have either received regulatory approval in accordance with para. 107(e) or do not individually exceed the activity limit for an exempt consignment in Table 2 (column 5) do not require markings, provided that such products are transported in a package that bears the marking “RADIOACTIVE” on its internal surface in such a manner that a warning of the presence of radioactive material is visible on opening the package.
    • (iii) Other instruments or articles too small to bear the marking “RADIOACTIVE” do not require markings, provided that they are transported in a package that bears the marking “RADIOACTIVE” on its internal surface in such a manner that a warning of the presence of radioactive material is visible on opening the package.
  • (c) The active material is completely enclosed by non-active components (a device performing the sole function of containing radioactive material shall not be considered to be an instrument or manufactured article).
  • (d) The limits specified in columns 2 and 3 of Table 4 are met for each individual item and each package, respectively.
  • (e) For transport by post, the total activity in each excepted package shall not exceed one tenth of the relevant limits specified in column 3 of Table 4.

Paragraph 424. Radioactive material in forms other than as specified in para. 423 and with an activity not exceeding the limits specified in column 4 of Table 4 may be classified under UN 2910, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE — LIMITED QUANTITY OF MATERIAL, provided that:

  • (a) The package retains its radioactive contents under routine conditions of transport.
    (b) The package bears the marking “RADIOACTIVE” on either:
    • (i) An internal surface in such a manner that a warning of the presence of radioactive material is visible on opening the package; or
    • (ii) The outside of the package, where it is impractical to mark an internal surface.
  • (c) For transport by post, the total activity in each excepted package shall not exceed one tenth of the relevant limits specified in column 4 of Table 4.

Paragraph 425. Uranium hexafluoride not exceeding the limits specified in column 4 of Table 4 may be classified under UN 3507 URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE, less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile-excepted, provided that:

  • (a) The mass of uranium hexafluoride in the package is less than 0.1 kg.
  • (b) The conditions of paras 420, 424(a) and 424(b) are met.

Paragraph 426. Articles manufactured of natural uranium, depleted uranium or natural thorium and articles in which the sole radioactive material is unirradiated natural uranium, unirradiated depleted uranium or unirradiated natural thorium may be classified under UN 2909, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE — ARTICLES MANUFACTURED FROM NATURAL URANIUM or DEPLETED URANIUM or NATURAL THORIUM, provided that the outer surface of the uranium or thorium is enclosed in an inactive sheath made of metal or some other substantial material.

Additional requirements and controls for transport of empty packagings

Paragraph 427. An empty packaging that had previously contained radioactive material may be classified under UN 2908, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE — EMPTY PACKAGING, provided that:

  • (a) It is in a well-maintained condition and securely closed.
  • (b) The outer surface of any uranium or thorium in its structure is covered with an inactive sheath made of metal or some other substantial material.
  • (c) The level of internal non-fixed contamination does not exceed 100 times the levels specified in para. 508.
  • (d) Any labels that may have been displayed on it in conformity with para. 538 are no longer visible.

Classification as Type A package

Paragraph 428. Packages containing radioactive material may be classified as Type A packages provided that the conditions of paras 429 and 430 are met.

Paragraph 429. Type A packages shall not contain activities greater than either of the following:

  • (a) For special form radioactive material — A1;
  • (b) For all other radioactive material — A2.

Paragraph 430. For mixtures of radionuclides whose identities and respective activities are known, the following condition shall apply to the radioactive contents of a Type A package:

i B(i) A 1 (i) + j C(j) A 2 (j) 1 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaWaaabuaeaada WcaaqaaiaadkeacaGGOaGaamyAaiaacMcaaeaacaWGbbWaaSbaaSqa aiaaigdaaeqaaOGaaiikaiaadMgacaGGPaaaaaWcbaGaamyAaaqab0 GaeyyeIuoakiabgUcaRmaaqafabaWaaSaaaeaacaWGdbGaaiikaiaa dQgacaGGPaaabaGaamyqamaaBaaaleaacaaIYaaabeaakiaacIcaca WGQbGaaiykaaaaaSqaaiaadQgaaeqaniabggHiLdGccqGHKjYOcaaI Xaaaaa@4DBB@

Where

  • B( i) is the activity of radionuclide i as special form radioactive material;
  • A1(i) is the A1 value for radionuclide i;
  • C(j) is the activity of radionuclide j as other than special form radioactive material;
  • A2(j) is the A2 value for radionuclide j.
  • Classification as Type B(U), Type B(M) or Type C package

Paragraph 431. Type B(U), Type B(M) and Type C packages shall be classified in accordance with the competent authority certificate of approval for the package issued by the country of origin of design.

Paragraph 432. The contents of a Type B(U), Type B(M) or Type C package shall be as specified in the certificate of approval.

Paragraph 433. Type B(U) and Type B(M) packages, if transported by air, shall meet the requirements of para. 432 and shall not contain activities greater than the following:

  • (a) For low dispersible radioactive material — as authorized for the package design as specified in the certificate of approval;
  • (b) For special form radioactive material — 3000A1 or 105A2, whichever is the lower;
  • (c) For all other radioactive material — 3000A2.

SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT

Paragraph 434. Radioactive material shall be classified as transported under special arrangement when it is intended to be carried in accordance with para. 310.

5. (1) LSA material is classified as LSA-I material if it is either non-fissile material or fissile-excepted radioactive material and if it consists of

  • (a) ores that contain naturally occurring radionuclides with a uranium and thorium concentration not greater than 3% by mass;
  • (b) radioactive material for which the A2 value is unlimited, except for ores that contain naturally occurring radionuclides with a uranium and thorium concentration greater than 3% by mass;
 
  • (c) concentrates of unirradiated thorium, of natural uranium or of depleted uranium, as those terms are defined in the IAEA Regulations, or their unirradiated compounds or mixtures in solid or liquid form;

Paragraph 245. Unirradiated thorium shall mean thorium containing not more than 10–7 g of uranium-233 per gram of thorium-232.

Paragraph 247. Natural uranium shall mean uranium (which may be chemically separated) containing the naturally occurring distribution of uranium isotopes (approximately 99.28% uranium-238 and 0.72% uranium-235, by mass). Depleted uranium shall mean uranium containing a lesser mass percentage of uranium-235 than natural uranium. Enriched uranium shall mean uranium containing a greater mass percentage of uranium-235 than 0.72%. In all cases, a very small mass percentage of uranium-234 is present.

  • (d) any mill tailings, contaminated earth, concrete, rubble, other debris and activated materials in which the radioactive material is essentially uniformly distributed and for which the average specific activity does not exceed 10-6 A2/g; or
 
  • (e) other radioactive material in which the activity is distributed throughout and for which the estimated average specific activity does not exceed 30 times the activity concentration limit for exempt material values set out in the IAEA Regulations or in a certificate for a basic radionuclide value that is not listed in those Regulations.

BASIC RADIONUCLIDE VALUES

Paragraph 402. The following basic values for individual  radionuclides are given in Table 2:

  • (a) A1 and A2 in TBq;
  • (b) Activity concentration limits for exempt material in Bq/g;
  • (c) Activity limits for exempt consignments

DETERMINATION OF BASIC RADIONUCLIDE VALUES

Paragraph 403. For individual radionuclides:

  • (a) That are not listed in Table 2, the determination of the basic radionuclide values referred to in para. 402 shall require multilateral approval. For these radionuclides, activity concentrations for exempt material and activity limits for exempt consignments shall be calculated in accordance with the principles established in the BSSFootnote 5. It is permissible to use an A2 value calculated using a dose coefficient for the appropriate lung absorption type, as recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection, if the chemical forms of each radionuclide under both normal and accident conditions of transport are taken into consideration. Alternatively, the radionuclide values in Table 3 may be used without obtaining competent authority approval.
  • (b) In instruments or articles in which the radioactive material is enclosed in or is included as a component part of the instrument or other manufactured article and which meets para. 423(c), alternative basic radionuclide values to those in Table 2 for the activity limit for an exempt consignment are permitted and shall require multilateral approval. Such alternative activity limits for an exempt consignment shall be calculated in accordance with the principles set out in the BSSFootnote 5.

Paragraph 404. In the calculations of A1 and A2 for a radionuclide not listed in Table 2, a single radioactive decay chain in which the radionuclides are present in their naturally occurring proportions, and in which no daughter nuclide has a half-life either longer than 10 days or longer than that of the parent nuclide, shall be considered as a single radionuclide; and the activity to be taken into account and the A1 or A2 value to be applied shall be that corresponding to the parent nuclide of that chain. In the case of radioactive decay chains in which any daughter nuclide has a half-life either longer than 10 days or longer than that of the parent nuclide, the parent and such daughter nuclides shall be considered as mixtures of different nuclides.

Paragraph 405. For mixtures of radionuclides, the basic radionuclide values referred to in para. 402 may be determined as follows:

X m = 1 i f(i) X(i) MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamiwamaaBa aaleaacaWGTbaabeaakiabg2da9maalaaabaGaaGymaaqaamaaqaha baWaaSaaaeaacaWGMbGaaiikaiaadMgacaGGPaaabaGaamiwaiaacI cacaWGPbGaaiykaaaaaSqaaiaadMgaaeaaa0GaeyyeIuoaaaaaaa@4362@

where

  • f (i) is the fraction of activity or activity concentration of radionuclide i in the mixture.
  • X (i) is the appropriate value of A1 or A2, or the activity concentration limit for exempt material or the activity limit for an exempt consignment as appropriate for the radionuclide i.
  • Xm is the derived value of A1 or A2, or the activity concentration limit for exempt material or the activity limit for an exempt consignment in the case of a mixture.

Paragraph 406. When the identity of each radionuclide is known but the individual activities of some of the radionuclides are not known, the radionuclides may be grouped and the lowest radionuclide value, as appropriate for the radionuclides in each group, may be used in applying the formulas in paras 405 and 430. Groups may be based on the total alpha activity and the total beta/gamma activity when these are known, using the lowest radionuclide values for the alpha emitters or beta/gamma emitters, respectively.

Paragraph 407. For individual radionuclides or for mixtures of radionuclides for which relevant data are not available, the values shown in Table 3 shall be used.

(2) LSA material is classified as LSA-II material if it consists of material

  • (a) that is less than 225 L of water with a tritium concentration that has an activity level not greater than 0.8 TBq/L; or
  • (b) in which the activity is distributed throughout and for which the estimated average specific activity does not exceed 10-4 A2/g for solids and gases and 10-5 A2/g for liquids.
(3) LSA material is classified as LSA-III material if it consists of solid material that is not in powder form and that meets the applicable requirements of the IAEA Regulations.

Paragraph 409(c). LSA material shall be in one of three groups: […]

  • (c) LSA-III:
    Solids (e.g. consolidated wastes, activated materials), excluding powders, that meet the requirements of para. 601, in which:
    • (i) The radioactive material is distributed throughout a solid or a collection of solid objects, or is essentially uniformly distributed in a solid compact binding agent (such as concrete, bitumen and ceramic).
    • (ii) The radioactive material is relatively insoluble, or is intrinsically contained in a relatively insoluble matrix, so that, even under loss of packaging, the loss of radioactive material per package by leaching when placed in water for 7 days would not exceed 0.1A2.
    • (iii) The estimated average specific activity of the solid, excluding any shielding material, does not exceed 2 × 10–3A2/g.

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Licence

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted
6. (1) A person may transport a nuclear substance without a licence issued under subsection 24(2) of the Act for that purpose, except in the following cases:

Nuclear Safety and Control Act

24(2) The Commission may issue, renew, suspend in whole or in part, amend, revoke or replace a licence, or authorize its transfer, on receipt of an application

  • (a) in the prescribed form;
  • (b) containing the prescribed information and undertakings and accompanied by the prescribed documents; and
  • (c) accompanied by the prescribed fee.
  • (a) the nuclear substance is a Category I, II or III nuclear material, as defined in section 1 of the Nuclear Security Regulations, and is transported outside the area in which the material is required, under section 7 of those Regulations, to be processed, used or stored;

Nuclear Security Regulations

“Category I nuclear material” means a nuclear substance listed in column 1 of Schedule 1 that is in the corresponding form set out in column 2 and the corresponding quantity set out in column 3 of Schedule 1. (matière nucléaire de catégorie I)

“Category II nuclear material” means a nuclear substance listed in column 1 of Schedule 1 that is in the corresponding form set out in column 2 and the corresponding quantity set out in column 4 of Schedule 1. (matière nucléaire de catégorie II)

“Category III nuclear material” means a nuclear substance listed in column 1 of Schedule 1 that is in the corresponding form set out in column 2 and the corresponding quantity set out in column 5 of Schedule 1. (matière nucléaire de catégorie III)

  • (b) the nuclear substance is in transit in a package of a certified design or in a package that has been approved as Type B(U)-96, Type C-96 or Type H(U)-96 by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations unless, in the case of transport by aircraft or ship, there is no scheduled stop in Canada;
  • (c) the nuclear substance is contained in a large object;
  • (d) the transport of the nuclear substance cannot meet the requirements of these Regulations;
  • (e) the transport of the nuclear substance requires a special use vessel; or
This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.
  • (f) the transport of the nuclear substance requires multilateral approval of shipments in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

Paragraph 825. Multilateral approval shall be required for:

  • (a) The shipment of Type B(M) packages not conforming with the requirements of para. 639 or designed to allow controlled intermittent venting.
  • (b) The shipment of Type B(M) packages containing radioactive material with an activity greater than 3000A1 or 3000A2, as appropriate, or 1000 TBq, whichever is the lower.
  • (c) The shipment of packages containing fissile material if the sum of the CSIs of the packages in a single freight container or in a single conveyance exceeds 50. Excluded from this requirement shall be shipments by seagoing vessels, if the sum of the CSIs does not exceed 50 for any hold, compartment or defined deck area and the distance of 6 m between groups of packages or overpacks, as required in Table 11, is met.
  • (d) Radiation protection programmes for shipments by special use vessels in accordance with para. 576(a).

(2) A person may possess, transfer, import, export or use prescribed equipment without a licence issued under subsection 24(2) of the Act for that purpose.

(3) A person may package a nuclear substance without a licence issued under subsection 24(2) of the Act for that purpose.

Nuclear Safety and Control Act

24(2) The Commission may issue, renew, suspend in whole or in part, amend, revoke or replace a licence, or authorize its transfer, on receipt of an application

  • (a) in the prescribed form;
  • (b) containing the prescribed information and undertakings and accompanied by the prescribed documents; and
  • (c) accompanied by the prescribed fee.
(4) For greater certainty, the exemptions established in subsections (1) to (3) relate only to the packaging and transport of nuclear substances and do not otherwise derogate from the prohibitions imposed by section 26 of the Act.

Nuclear Safety and Control Act

26. Subject to the regulations, no person shall, except in accordance with a licence,

  • (a) possess, transfer, import, export, use or abandon a nuclear substance, prescribed equipment or prescribed information;
  • (b) mine, produce, refine, convert, enrich, process, reprocess, package, transport, manage, store or dispose of a nuclear substance;
  • (c) produce or service prescribed equipment;
  • (d) operate a dosimetry service for the purposes of this Act;
  • (e) prepare a site for, construct, operate, modify, decommission or abandon a nuclear facility; or
  • (f) construct, operate, decommission or abandon a nuclear-powered vehicle or bring a nuclear-powered vehicle into Canada.
7. An application for a licence under subsection 24(2) of the Act to transport a nuclear substance must contain

Nuclear Safety and Control Act

24(2) The Commission may issue, renew, suspend in whole or in part, amend, revoke or replace a licence, or authorize its transfer, on receipt of an application

  • (a) in the prescribed form;
  • (b) containing the prescribed information and undertakings and accompanied by the prescribed documents; and
  • (c) accompanied by the prescribed fee.
(a) the applicable information required by section 3 of the General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations;

General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations

GENERAL APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS

3. (1) An application for a licence shall contain the following information:

  • (a) the applicant’s name and business address;
  • (b) the activity to be licensed and its purpose;
  • (c) the name, maximum quantity and form of any nuclear substance to be encompassed by the licence;
  • (d) a description of any nuclear facility, prescribed equipment or prescribed information to be encompassed by the licence;
  • (e) the proposed measures to ensure compliance with the Radiation Protection Regulations, the Nuclear Security Regulations and the Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015;
  • (f) any proposed action level for the purpose of section 6 of the Radiation Protection Regulations;
  • (g) the proposed measures to control access to the site of the activity to be licensed and the nuclear substance, prescribed equipment or prescribed information;
  • (h) the proposed measures to prevent loss or illegal use, possession or removal of the nuclear substance, prescribed equipment or prescribed information;
  • (i) a description and the results of any test, analysis or calculation performed to substantiate the  information included in the application;
  • (j) the name, quantity, form, origin and volume of any radioactive waste or hazardous waste that may result from the activity to be licensed, including waste that may be stored, managed, processed or disposed of at the site of the activity to be licensed, and the proposed method for managing and disposing of that waste;
  • (k) the applicant’s organizational management structure insofar as it may bear on the applicant’s compliance with the Act and the regulations made under the Act, including the internal allocation of functions, responsibilities and authority;
  • (l) a description of any proposed financial guarantee relating to the activity to be licensed; and
  • (m) any other information required by the Act or the regulations made under the Act for the activity to be licensed and the nuclear substance, nuclear facility, prescribed equipment or prescribed information to be encompassed by the licence.

(1.1) The Commission or a designated officer authorized under paragraph 37(2)(c) of the Act, may require any other information that is necessary to enable the Commission or the designated officer to determine whether the applicant

  • (a) is qualified to carry on the activity to be licensed; or
  • (b) will, in carrying on that activity, make adequate provision for the protection of the environment, the health and safety of persons and the maintenance of national security and measures required to implement international obligations to which Canada has agreed.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of an application for a licence to import or export for which the information requirements are prescribed by the Nuclear Non-proliferation Import and Export Control Regulations, or in respect of an application for a licence to transport while in transit for which the information requirements are prescribed by the Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015.

  • (b) the information required by section 5 of the Nuclear Security Regulations if the substance is a Category I, II or III nuclear material, as defined in those Regulations;

Nuclear Security Regulations

Licence to Transport Category I, II or III Nuclear Material
5. An application for a licence to transport Category I, II or III nuclear material shall contain, in addition to any other information required by section 7 of the Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015, a written transportation security plan that includes

  • (a) the name, quantity, radiation level in Gy/h, chemical and physical characteristics and isotopic composition of the nuclear material;
  • (b) a threat assessment consisting of an evaluation of the nature, likelihood and consequences of acts or events that may place prescribed information or nuclear material at risk;
  • (c) a description of the conveyance;
  • (d) the proposed security measures;
  • (e) the communication arrangements made among the licensee, the operator of the land vehicle transporting the nuclear material, the recipient of the material and any off-site response force along the route;
  • (f) the arrangements made between the licensee and any off-site response force along the route;
  • (g) the planned route; and
  • (h) the alternate route to be used in case of an emergency.
  • (c) the name, postal address and telephone number of each consignor and consignee;
 

  • (d) if the nuclear substance is one of those referred to in paragraph 6(1)(b),
    • (i) a description of the nuclear substance, including the name, chemical form and physical state, the activity — or, in the case of fissile material, the mass — of each nuclear substance in a package and the total activity or mass in the consignment,
    • (ii) the country of origin of the nuclear substance,
    • (iii) the reason for selecting a route through Canada,
    • (iv) the name of each carrier,
    • (v) the dates, times and locations of its arrival into and departure from Canada and of any scheduled stop or transshipment in Canada,
    • (vi) the number of the certificate or approval applicable to the package,
    • (vii) the number of packages to be transported,
    • (viii) the types of conveyance to be used during transit,
    • (ix) if a vessel is to be used as a conveyance during transit, the name of the vessel and its flag state,
    • (x) the United Nations number for the nuclear substance, and
    • (xi) the reference number of the emergency response assistance plan that is approved under section 7 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992 or a reference to the effect that a plan is not required, as the case may be;

Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992

EMERGENCY RESPONSE ASSISTANCE PLAN

7. (1) No person shall import, offer for transport, handle or transport dangerous goods in a quantity or concentration that is specified by regulation — or that is within a range of quantities or concentrations that is specified by regulation — unless the person has an emergency response assistance plan that is approved under this section before

  • (a) importing the dangerous goods;
  • (b) offering the dangerous goods for transport; or
  • (c) handling or transporting the dangerous goods, in the case where no other person is required to have an emergency response assistance plan under paragraph (a) or (b) in respect of that handling or transporting.

Contents

(2) The plan shall outline what is to be done to respond to an actual or anticipated release of the dangerous goods in the course of their handling or transporting that endangers, or could endanger, public safety.

Approval

(3) The Minister may approve the plan for a specified period, if the Minister believes on reasonable grounds that it can be implemented and will be effective in responding to such a release.

Interim approval

(4) The Minister may grant an interim approval of the plan for a specified period before finishing the investigation of the matters to be considered under subsection (3) if the Minister has no reason to suspect that the plan cannot be implemented or will be ineffective in responding to such a release.

Revocation of approval

(5) The Minister may revoke an approval of an emergency response assistance plan if

  • (a) in the case of an interim approval, the Minister subsequently believes on reasonable grounds that the plan cannot be implemented or will be ineffective in responding to such a release;
  • (b) the Minister believes on reasonable grounds that the plan can no longer be implemented or will no longer be effective in responding to such a release;
  • (c) the Minister has requested changes to the plan that the Minister believes on reasonable grounds are needed to make it effective in responding to such a release and the changes have not been made within a reasonable time or have been refused;
  • (d) the Minister believes on reasonable grounds that there has been a release of dangerous goods to which the plan applies — or that such a release has been anticipated — and that the plan was not used to respond to the actual or anticipated release; or
  • (e) a direction made in respect of the plan under paragraph 7.1(a) has not been complied with.
  • (e) if the nuclear substance is contained in a large object,
    • (i) information that demonstrates that the internal contamination
      • (A) is contained within the object and that all openings are sealed,
      • (B) meets the requirements applicable to an SCO-I or SCO-II as set out in the IAEA Regulations,
      • (C) is caused by a substance that is classified as non-fissile or fissile-excepted radioactive material, and
      • (D) is caused by a substance that is in solid form and that any liquid content is negligible,

PTNSR 2015:

“large object” means an object that has been decommissioned from a nuclear facility, that is internally contaminated with nuclear substances meeting the requirements applicable to an SCO-I or SCO-II as set out in the IAEA Regulations and that cannot be transported in a type of package described in these Regulations due to its dimensions.

Paragraph 413. SCO shall be in one of two groups:

  • (a) SCO-I: A solid object on which:
    • (i) The non-fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 0.4 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (ii) The fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 4 × 104 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 4000 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (iii) The non-fixed contamination plus the fixed contamination on the inaccessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 4 × 104 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 4000 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
  • (b) SCO-II: A solid object on which either the fixed or non-fixed contamination on the surface exceeds the applicable limits specified for SCO-I in (a) above and on which:
    • (i) The non-fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 400 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 40 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (ii) The fixed contamination on the accessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 8 × 105 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 8 × 104 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
    • (iii) The non-fixed contamination plus the fixed  contamination on the inaccessible surface averaged over 300 cm2 (or the area of the surface if less than 300 cm2) does not exceed 8 × 105 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or 8 × 104 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
  • (ii) information that demonstrates that the large object
    • (A) meets the free drop test requirements set out in the IAEA Regulations for the industrial package type referred to in section 27 for the SCO classification determined for the internal contamination,
    • (B) does not have a dose rate on contact of more than 2 mSv/h from the accessible surfaces of the object, as prepared for shipment, and
    • (C) does not have more than 4 Bq/cm2 of contamination on the exterior surfaces,

Paragraph 722*. Free drop test: The specimen shall drop onto the target so as to suffer maximum damage in respect of the safety features to be tested:

  • (a) The height of drop measured from the lowest point of the specimen to the upper surface of the target shall be not less than the distance specified in Table 14 for the applicable mass. The target shall be as defined in para. 717.
  • (b) For rectangular fibreboard or wood packages not exceeding a mass of 50 kg, a separate specimen shall be subjected to a free drop onto each corner from a height of 0.3 m.
  • (c) For cylindrical fibreboard packages not exceeding a mass of 100 kg, a separate specimen shall be subjected to a free drop onto each of the quarters of each rim from a height of 0.3 m.

*Note that the criteria to be used for the drop test are found in paragraph 648 of the IAEA Regulations:

Paragraph 648. A package shall be so designed that if it were subjected to the tests specified in paras 719–724, it would prevent:

  • (a) Loss or dispersal of the radioactive contents;
  • (b) More than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the package;
  • (iii) a detailed transport plan covering all activities associated with the shipment, including
    • (A) radiation protection,
    • (B) emergency response, and
    • (C) any special precautions or special administrative or operational controls that are to be employed during transport, and
  • (iv) details of the applicable management system;
 
  • f) if the transport of the nuclear substance cannot meet the requirements of these Regulations,
    • (i) information that demonstrates that the overall level of safety in transport is at least equivalent to that which would be provided if all the applicable requirements of these Regulations were met,
    • (ii) a statement of the reasons why the consignment cannot meet the requirements of these Regulations, and
    • (iii) a statement of any special precautions or special administrative or operational controls that are to be employed during transport to compensate for the inability to meet the requirements of these Regulations;
 
  • (g) if the transport of the nuclear substance requires a special use vessel,
    • (i) the vessel owner’s and operator’s contact information, including, as applicable, their names, postal addresses, email addresses, telephone numbers and fax numbers,
    • (ii) a copy of the radiation protection program applicable to the shipment,
    • (iii) details of the consignment,
    • (iv) information on the stowage arrangements for the duration of the voyage, including for any consignments loaded or unloaded at ports of call en route,
    • (v) the dates, times and locations of arrival into and departure from Canada and of any scheduled stop in Canada,
    • (vi) a copy of any certificate or approval applicable to packages or materials in the consignment,
    • (vii) the name of the vessel and its flag state, and
    • (viii) a copy of any document issued by the competent authority of the vessel’s flag state approving the radiation protection program; and
 
  • (h) if the transport of the nuclear substance requires approval of shipment in accordance with the IAEA Regulations,
    • (i) the period of time, related to the shipment, for which the approval is sought,
    • (ii) information on the radioactive contents, the expected types of conveyance and the probable or proposed route,
    • (iii) details of how the precautions and administrative or operational controls referred to in the approval for the package design, if applicable, that was issued in accordance with the IAEA Regulations are to be put into effect,
    • (iv) a copy of the applicable approvals for the package design, and
    • (v) in the case of fissile material, information on the sum of criticality safety indexes and any related safety assessment, emergency response plan and administrative or operational controls.

APPROVAL OF SHIPMENTS

Paragraph 825. Multilateral approval shall be required for:

  • (a) The shipment of Type B(M) packages not conforming with the requirements of para. 639 or designed to allow controlled intermittent venting.
  • (b) The shipment of Type B(M) packages containing radioactive material with an activity greater than 3000A1 or 3000A2, as appropriate, or 1000 TBq, whichever is the lower.
  • (c) The shipment of packages containing fissile material if the sum of the CSIs of the packages in a single freight container or in a single conveyance exceeds 50. Excluded from this requirement shall be shipments by seagoing vessels, if the sum of the CSIs does not exceed 50 for any hold, compartment or defined deck area and the distance of 6 m between groups of packages or overpacks, as required in Table 11, is met.
  • (d) Radiation protection programmes for shipments by special use vessels in accordance with para. 576(a).

Paragraph 826. A competent authority may authorize transport through or into its country without shipment approval, by a specific provision in its design approval.

Paragraph 827. An application for approval of shipment shall include:

  • (a) The period of time, related to the shipment, for which the approval is sought;
  • (b) The actual radioactive contents, the expected modes of transport, the type of conveyance and the probable or proposed route;
  • (c) The details of how the precautions and administrative or operational controls, referred to in the certificates of approval for the package design, if applicable, issued under paras 810, 813 and 816, are to be put into effect.

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Packaging Requirements

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted

8. Type H(M) packages must meet the following requirements:

  • (a) they must be designed and maintained to meet national or international standards other than the International Organization for Standardization standard ISO 7195 entitled Nuclear Energy — Packaging of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) for transport, as amended from time to time, provided that an equivalent level of safety is maintained;
  • (b) they must withstand, without leakage and without unacceptable stress, a hydraulic test at an internal pressure of at least 1.38 MPa;
  • (c) they must withstand, without loss or dispersal of uranium hexafluoride, the free drop test set out in the IAEA Regulations for normal conditions of transport;

ISO 7195 Nuclear Energy — Packaging of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) for transportFootnote 4

Paragraph 722*. Free drop test: The specimen shall drop onto the target so as to suffer maximum damage in respect of the safety features to be tested:

  • (a) The height of drop measured from the lowest point of the specimen to the upper surface of the target shall be not less than the distance specified in Table 14 for the applicable mass. The target shall be as defined in para. 717.
  • (b) For rectangular fibreboard or wood packages not exceeding a mass of 50 kg, a separate specimen shall be subjected to a free drop onto each corner from a height of 0.3 m.
  • (c) For cylindrical fibreboard packages not exceeding a mass of 100 kg, a separate specimen shall be subjected to a free drop onto each of the quarters of each rim from a height of 0.3 m.

*Note that the criteria to be used for the drop test are found in paragraph 648 of the IAEA Regulations.

Paragraph 648. A package shall be so designed that if it were subjected to the tests specified in paras 719–724, it would prevent:

  • (a) Loss or dispersal of the radioactive contents;
  • (b) More than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the package;
  • (d) they must withstand, without rupture of the containment system, the thermal test set out in the IAEA Regulations for accident conditions of transport, unless they are designed to contain 9 000 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride; and
  • (e) they must not be equipped with pressure relief devices.

Paragraph 728. Thermal test: The specimen shall be in thermal equilibrium under conditions of an ambient temperature of 38°C, subject to the solar insolation conditions specified in Table 12 and subject to the design maximum rate of internal heat generation within the package from the radioactive contents. Alternatively, any of these parameters are allowed to have different values prior to, and during, the test, provided due account is taken of them in the subsequent assessment of package response. The thermal test shall then consist of (a) followed by (b).

  • (a) Exposure of a specimen for a period of 30 min to a thermal environment that provides a heat flux at least equivalent to that of a hydrocarbon fuel–air fire in sufficiently quiescent ambient conditions to give a minimum average flame emissivity coefficient of 0.9 and an average temperature of at least 800°C, fully engulfing the specimen, with a surface absorptivity coefficient of 0.8 or that value that the package may be demonstrated to possess if exposed to the fire specified.
  • (b) Exposure of the specimen to an ambient temperature of 38°C, subject to the solar insolation conditions specified in Table 12 and subject to the design maximum rate of internal heat generation within the package by the radioactive contents for a sufficient period to ensure that temperatures in the specimen are everywhere decreasing and/or are approaching initial steady state conditions. Alternatively, any of these parameters are allowed to have different values following cessation of heating, provided due account is taken of them in the subsequent assessment of package response. During and following the test, the specimen shall not be artificially cooled and any combustion of materials of the specimen shall be permitted to proceed naturally.

9. Type H(U) packages must meet the following requirements:

  • (a) they must be designed and maintained to meet the International Organization for Standardization standard ISO 7195 entitled Nuclear Energy Packaging of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) for transport, as amended from time to time;
ISO 7195 Nuclear Energy — Packaging of uranium hexafluoride (UF6) for transportFootnote 4
  • b) they must withstand, without leakage and without unacceptable stress, as specified in standard ISO 7195, as amended from time to time, the hydraulic test set out in the IAEA Regulations;
Paragraph 718. Specimens that comprise or simulate packagings designed to contain 0.1 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride shall be tested hydraulically at an internal pressure of at least 1.38 MPa, but when the test pressure is less than 2.76 MPa, the design shall require multilateral approval. For retesting packagings, any other equivalent non-destructive testing may be applied, subject to multilateral approval.
  • (c) they must withstand, without loss or dispersal of uranium hexafluoride, the free drop test set out in the IAEA Regulations for normal conditions of transport;

Paragraph 722*. Free drop test: The specimen shall drop onto the target so as to suffer maximum damage in respect of the safety features to be tested:

  • (a) The height of drop measured from the lowest point of the specimen to the upper surface of the target shall be not less than the distance specified in Table 14 for the applicable mass. The target shall be as defined in para. 717.
  • (b) For rectangular fibreboard or wood packages not exceeding a mass of 50 kg, a separate specimen shall be subjected to a free drop onto each corner from a height of 0.3 m.
  • (c) For cylindrical fibreboard packages not exceeding a mass of 100 kg, a separate specimen shall be subjected to a free drop onto each of the quarters of each rim from a height of 0.3 m.

*Note that the criteria to be used for the drop test are found in paragraph 648 of the IAEA Regulations:

Paragraph 648. A package shall be so designed that if it were subjected to the tests specified in paras 719–724, it would prevent:

  • (a) Loss or dispersal of the radioactive contents;
  • (b) More than a 20% increase in the maximum radiation level at any external surface of the package;
  • (d) they must withstand, without rupture of the containment system, the thermal test set out in the IAEA Regulations for accident conditions of transport; and
  • (e) they must not be equipped with pressure relief devices.

728. Thermal test: The specimen shall be in thermal equilibrium under conditions of an ambient temperature of 38°C, subject to the solar insolation conditions specified in Table 12 and subject to the design maximum rate of internal heat generation within the package from the radioactive contents. Alternatively, any of these parameters are allowed to have different values prior to, and during, the test, provided due account is taken of them in the subsequent assessment of package response. The thermal test shall then consist of (a) followed by (b).

  • (a) Exposure of a specimen for a period of 30 min to a thermal environment that provides a heat flux at least equivalent to that of a hydrocarbon fuel–air fire in sufficiently quiescent ambient conditions to give a minimum average flame emissivity coefficient of 0.9 and an average temperature of at least 800°C, fully engulfing the specimen, with a surface absorptivity coefficient of 0.8 or that value that the package may be demonstrated to possess if exposed to the fire specified.
  • (b) Exposure of the specimen to an ambient temperature of 38°C, subject to the solar insolation conditions specified in Table 12 and subject to the design maximum rate of internal heat generation within the package by the radioactive contents for a sufficient period to ensure that temperatures in the specimen are everywhere decreasing and/or are approaching initial steady state conditions. Alternatively, any of these parameters are allowed to have different values following cessation of heating, provided due account is taken of them in the subsequent assessment of package response. During and following the test, the specimen shall not be artificially cooled and any combustion of materials of the specimen shall be permitted to proceed naturally.

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Certification

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted

10. (1) The design of the following types of prescribed equipment must be certified by the Commission or a designated officer before the design is used:

  • (a) Type B and Type C packages;
  • (b) packages used to transport fissile material;
  • (c) packages used to transport 0.1 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride;
  • (d) special form radioactive material; and (e) low dispersible radioactive material.
 

(2) The design of the following types of prescribed equipment may be used without being certified if, before the design is used, it is approved by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations:

  • (a) special form radioactive material, if it is being transported;
  • (b) a Type B(U)-96 or Type C-96 package, if it is in transit; and
  • (c) a Type H(U)-96 package, if it contains 0.1 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride.
This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

(3) The calculation of a value demonstrating that fissile-excepted radioactive material will remain subcritical must be certified by the Commission or a designated officer before the value is used, except in relation to the following materials:

  • (a) uranium enriched in uranium-235 to a maximum of 1% by mass and with a plutonium and uranium-233 content not exceeding 1% of the mass of uranium-235, provided that the fissile nuclides are distributed essentially homogeneously throughout the material and any uranium-235 that is present in metallic, oxide or carbide forms must not form a lattice arrangement;
  • (b) liquid solutions of uranyl nitrate enriched in uranium-235 to a maximum of 2% by mass, with a plutonium and uranium-233 content not exceeding 0.002% of the mass of uranium, and with a minimum nitrogen to uranium (N/U) atomic ratio of 2;
  • (c) uranium with a maximum uranium enrichment of 5% by mass of uranium-235 provided that
    • (i) there is no more than 3.5 g of uranium-235 per package,
    • (ii) the plutonium and uranium-233 content does not exceed 1% of the mass of uranium-235 per package, and
    • (iii) the amount of fissile nuclides in the consignment is limited to 45g;
  • (d) fissile nuclides with a total mass not greater than 2.0 g per package, provided that the total mass of fissile nuclides in the consignment is limited to 15 g; and
  • (e) fissile nuclides with a total mass not greater than 45 g per consignment, either packaged or unpackaged, provided that it is transported under exclusive use.
 

(4) The following calculations must be certified by the Commission or a designated officer before the value is used:

  • (a) the calculation of the basic radionuclide value for radioactive material that has a basic radionuclide value that is not listed in the IAEA Regulations; and
  • (b) the calculation of the alternative activity limit for an instrument or article that has an alternative activity limit for an exempt consignment.

DETERMINATION OF BASIC RADIONUCLIDE VALUES

Paragraph 403. For individual radionuclides:

  • (a) That are not listed in Table 2, the determination of the basic radionuclide values referred to in para. 402 shall require multilateral approval. For these radionuclides, activity concentrations for exempt material and activity limits for exempt consignments shall be calculated in accordance with the principles established in the BSS [5]. It is permissible to use an A2 value calculated using a dose coefficient for the appropriate lung absorption type, as recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection, if the chemical forms of each radionuclide under both normal and accident conditions of transport are taken into consideration. Alternatively, the radionuclide values in Table 3 may be used without obtaining competent authority approval.
  • (b) In instruments or articles in which the radioactive material is enclosed in or is included as a component part of the instrument or other manufactured article and which meets para. 423(c), alternative basic radionuclide values to those in Table 2 for the activity limit for an exempt consignment are permitted and shall require multilateral approval. Such alternative activity limits for an exempt consignment shall be calculated in accordance with the principles set out in the BSSFootnote 5.
11. (1) An application for certification of a design for the types of prescribed equipment referred to in subsection 10(1) must include the information required for the applicable approval under the IAEA Regulations and

Paragraph 803. The design for special form radioactive material shall require unilateral approval. The design for low dispersible radioactive material shall require multilateral approval. In both cases, an application for approval shall include:

  • (a) A detailed description of the radioactive material or, if a capsule, the contents; particular reference shall be made to both physical and chemical states.
  • (b) A detailed statement of the design of any capsule to be used.
  • (c) A statement of the tests that have been carried out and their results, or evidence based on calculative methods, to show that the radioactive material is capable of meeting the performance standards, or other evidence that the special form radioactive material or low dispersible radioactive material meets the applicable requirements of these Regulations.
  • (d) A specification of the applicable management system, as required in para. 306.
  • (e) Any proposed pre-shipment actions for use in the consignment of special form radioactive material or low dispersible radioactive material.

Paragraph 807. The approval of designs for packages containing 0.1 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride requires that:

  • (c) The application for approval shall include all information necessary to satisfy the competent authority that the design meets the requirements of para. 631 and a specification of the applicable management system, as required in para. 306.

Paragraph 809. An application for approval shall include:

  • (a) A detailed description of the proposed radioactive contents with reference to their physical and chemical states and the nature of the radiation emitted;
  • (b) A detailed statement of the design, including complete engineering drawings and schedules of materials and methods of manufacture;
  • (c) A statement of the tests that have been carried out and their results, or evidence based on calculative methods or other evidence that the design is adequate to meet the applicable requirements;
  • (d) The proposed operating and maintenance instructions for the use of the packaging;
  • (e) If the package is designed to have a maximum normal operating pressure in excess of 100 kPa gauge, a  specification of the materials of manufacture of the containment system, the samples to be taken and the tests to be made;
  • (f) Where the proposed radioactive contents are irradiated nuclear fuel, the applicant shall state and justify any assumption in the safety analysis relating to the characteristics of the fuel and describe any pre-shipment measurement required by para. 677(b);
  • (g) Any special stowage provisions necessary to ensure the safe dissipation of heat from the package considering the various modes of transport to be used and the type of conveyance or freight container;
  • (h) A reproducible illustration, not larger than 21 cm × 30 cm, showing the make-up of the package;
  • (i) A specification of the applicable management system as required in para. 306.

Paragraph 812. An application for approval of a Type B(M) package design shall include, in addition to the information required in para. 809 for Type B(U) packages:

  • (a) A list of the requirements specified in paras 639, 655–657 and 660–666 with which the package does not conform;
  • (b) Any proposed supplementary operational controls to be applied during transport not regularly provided for in these Regulations, but which are necessary to ensure the safety of the package or to compensate for the deficiencies listed in (a);
  • (c) A statement relative to any restrictions on the mode of transport and to any special loading, carriage, unloading or handling procedures;
  • (d) A statement of the range of ambient conditions (temperature, solar insolation) that are expected to be encountered during transport and which have been taken into account in the design.

Paragraph 815. An application for approval shall include all information necessary to satisfy the competent authority that the design meets the requirements of para. 673 and a specification of the applicable management system, as required in para. 306.

  • (a) the number of any applicable approval issued by a foreign competent authority, in accordance with the IAEA Regulations;
This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.
  • (b) in respect of a package design,
    • (i) the recommended inspection and servicing program, and
    • (ii) instructions for packing, transport, receiving, maintenance and unpacking; and
  • (c) any other information necessary to demonstrate that the design meets the requirements of these Regulations.
 
(2) An applicant must give the Commission, or a designated officer, a reasonable opportunity to observe any test that the applicant intends to conduct to demonstrate the compliance of a design with these Regulations, including reasonable notice of the date and time of the test.  

(3) No later than 60 days after the day on which the certificate of a design expires, an applicant may make a new application to the Commission or a designated officer to certify the design if the technical specifications of the design have not been modified. The application must include

  • (a) a statement confirming that the drawings and procedures previously submitted have not been modified or, if they have been modified, a copy of the revised drawings and procedures and a statement confirming that the modifications are without technical significance and do not affect the safety of the design;
  • (b) a statement confirming that each type of prescribed equipment referred to in subsection 10(1) has been produced and maintained in compliance with the drawings and procedures previously submitted;
  • (c) a statement confirming that the instructions previously submitted in respect of the certified design have not been modified;
  • (d) unless previously submitted, the model number and drawings of any capsule containing radioactive material;
  • (e) a list of the serial numbers used for the certified design, other than a certified design referred to in paragraph (f);
 
  • (f) in respect of a design that was certified after approval by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations, a list of the serial numbers currently in use or intended for use in Canada;
  • (g) a list of the known users in Canada of the latest certified design;
  • (h) a summary of the maintenance performed and any operational or maintenance problems encountered with the certified design, including the date, the nature of the problem and any action taken;
  • (i) a copy of any applicable approval issued by the foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations since the last certification;
  • (j) a copy of the documents submitted to the foreign competent authority to obtain each approval; andli
  • (k) any other information necessary to demonstrate that the design meets the applicable requirements of these Regulations.
These are general references to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

12. (1) An application for certification of the calculation referred to in subsection 10(3) must include

  • (a) a description of the fissile-excepted radioactive material, including its name, chemical form and physical state;
  • (b) the calculation of a value demonstrating that the material will remain subcritical without the need for accumulation control under the conditions described in the IAEA Regulations, including tests performed, principles used, assumptions made, scenarios considered, limitations that should be applied and any data, formulae or analysis tool used;

Paragraph 606. A fissile material excepted from classification as “FISSILE” under para. 417(f) shall be subcritical without the need for accumulation control under the following conditions:

  • (a) The conditions of para. 673(a);
  • (b) The conditions consistent with the assessment provisions stated in paras 684(b) and 685(b) for packages;
  • (c) The conditions specified in para. 683(a), if transported by air.
  • (c) in respect of the calculation, a copy of any applicable approval issued by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations;
  • (d) in respect of a special form radioactive material, a copy of any applicable approval issued by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations or a copy of any applicable certificate;
  • (e) in respect of low dispersible radioactive material, a copy of any applicable certificate;
  • (f) details of the applicable management system;
  • (g) details of any actions needed to be taken before shipment; and
  • (h) any other information necessary to demonstrate that the calculation meets the applicable requirements of these Regulations.
These are general references to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

(2) No later than 60 days after the day on which the certificate expires, an applicant may make a new application for certification to the Commission or a designated officer if the calculation of the value has not been modified. The application must include

  • (a) a statement confirming that the calculation of a value demonstrating that the material will remain subcritical without the need for accumulation control under the conditions described in the IAEA Regulations has not been modified and that the tests performed, principles used, assumptions made, scenarios considered, limitations that should be applied and any data, formulae or analysis tool used have not been modified;

APPROVAL OF MATERIAL EXCEPTED FROM FISSILE CLASSIFICATION

805. The design for a fissile material excepted from “FISSILE” classification in accordance with Table 1, under para. 417(f) shall require multilateral approval.

An application for approval shall include:

  • (a) A detailed description of the material; particular reference shall be made to both physical and chemical states.
  • (b) A statement of the tests that have been carried out and their results, or evidence based on calculative methods, to show that the material is capable of meeting the requirements specified in para. 606.
  • (c) A specification of the applicable management system as required in para. 306.
  • (d) A statement of specific actions to be taken prior to shipment.
  • (b) a copy of any applicable approval issued by the foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations since the last certification;
  • (c) a statement confirming that the details of the applicable management system and any actions needed to be taken before shipment that were previously submitted have not been modified; and
  • (d) any other information necessary to demonstrate that the calculation meets the applicable requirements of these Regulations.
This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

13. (1) An application for certification of the calculation referred to in subsection 10(4) must include

  • (a) a description of the nuclear substance, including its name, chemical form and physical state;
  • (b) the calculation of the basic radionuclide value, including the principles used, assumptions made, scenarios considered and any data or formulae used to determine the value;
  • (c) a copy of any applicable approval issued by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations;
  • (d) in respect of an instrument or article,
    • (i) details of the instrument or article that will contain the nuclear substance, including the identification, details of construction and intended uses of the instrument or article and the location of the nuclear substance,
    • (ii) the maximum activity of the instrument or article,
    • (iii) the maximum external radiation level arising from the instrument or article,
    • (iv) details of the management system for the design and production of the instrument or article, and
    • (v) instructions for the use, inspection, maintenance and disposal of the instrument or article; and
  • (e) any other information necessary to demonstrate that the calculation meets the applicable requirements of these Regulations.
This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

(2) No later than 60 days after the day on which the certificate expires, an applicant may make a new application for certification to the Commission or a designated officer if the calculation has not been modified. The application must include

  • (a) a statement confirming that the calculation of the basic radionuclide value, including the principles used, assumptions made, scenarios considered and any data or formulae used to determine the calculation, has not been modified;
  • (b) in respect of an instrument or article, a statement confirming that the information previously submitted has not been modified or, if it has been modified, the revised information and a statement confirming that the modifications are without technical significance and do not affect safety;
  • (c) a copy of any applicable approval issued by the foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations since the last certification;
  • (d) a statement confirming that the instructions previously submitted in respect of the certified calculation have not been modified; and
  • (e) any other information necessary to demonstrate that the calculation meets the applicable requirements of these Regulations.
This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

14. (1) The applications for certification referred to in sections 11 to 13 must be made to the Commission or a designated officer.

(2) If the certified design or calculation referred to in section 10 has been modified in a manner that affects the safety of the prescribed equipment referred to in that section, the certificate is void and a new application for certification must be made.

 

15. (1) The Commission, or the designated officer, must notify a person who has applied for certification of a proposed decision not to certify, as well as the basis for the proposed decision, at least 30 days before making the decision.

(2) The notice must include a description of the person’s right to be provided with an opportunity to be heard in accordance with section 17.

 

16. (1) The Commission, or the designated officer, must notify a person to whom a certificate has been issued and, in the case of a certificate for a package design, any registered user of a package of that design, of a proposed decision to decertify, as well as the basis for the proposed decision, at least 30 days before making the decision.

(2) The notice must include a description of the person’s and the registered user’s right to be provided with an opportunity to be heard in accordance with section 17.

 

17. (1) The Commission, or the designated officer, must provide the person referred to in section 15 or 16 or the registered user referred to in section 16 with an opportunity, in respect of the proposed decision, to be heard either orally or in writing if, within 30 days after the date of the notice, they request that opportunity.

(2) Every person and registered user who is notified in accordance with section 15 or 16 must be notified of the final decision and the reasons for it.

 

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Production, use and possession of prescribed equipment

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted

18. Every person who produces a package of a certified design must

  • (a) produce the package in accordance with the requirements set out in the certificate; and
  • (b) clearly mark the package with the certificate number, design number and serial number.
 

19. (1) A person who intends to use a package of a certified design must apply to the Commission to register their use of the package.

(2) The Commission must register the applicant’s intended use of the package on receipt of an application containing the following:

  • (a) the applicant’s contact information, including, as applicable, their name, postal address, email address, telephone number and fax number;
  • (b) the name of a person who can be contacted for transport purposes;
  • (c) the number of any licence that the applicant holds in respect of the contents of the package;
  • (d) the number of any applicable approval issued by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations;
  • (e) the package’s design and serial numbers; and
  • (f) a statement confirming that the applicant possesses the instructions necessary to prepare the package for shipment, as set out in the certificate for the package design.

(3) An applicant may use the package only if they have received confirmation from the Commission that their use of the package has been registered.

This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

20. (1) Every person who produces special form radioactive material must

  • (a) use a certified design and produce the material in accordance with the requirements set out in the certificate; and
  • (b) clearly mark the material, or any source holder to which it is permanently attached, in a unique, legible and durable manner.

(2) A person may transport special form radioactive material only if it has been produced in accordance with a certified design or a design approved by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

(3) Every person who possesses special form radioactive material, the design of which was approved under the 1973, 1973 (as amended), 1985 or 1985 (as amended in 1990) edition of the IAEA Regulations, must ensure that the material was produced before January 1, 2004 and that it is used in compliance with section 24.

These are general references to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

21. (1) Every person who produces low dispersible radioactive material must

  • (a) use a certified design and produce the material in accordance with the requirements set out in the certificate; and
  • (b) clearly mark the material in a unique, legible and durable manner.

(2) A person may transport low dispersible radioactive material only if it has been produced in accordance with a certified design.

 

22. (1) Every person who produces an instrument or article that has an alternative activity limit for an exempt consignment must use the applicable certified calculation and produce the instrument or article in accordance with the requirements set out in the certificate.

(2) A person may transport an instrument or article that has an alternative activity limit for an exempt consignment only if it has been produced using the applicable certified calculation.

 

23. (1) Every person who produces fissile-excepted radioactive material that requires a certified calculation of a value demonstrating that the material will remain subcritical must do so in accordance with the requirements set out in the certificate.

(2) A person may transport fissile excepted radioactive material that requires a certified calculation of a value demonstrating that the material will remain subcritical only if it has been produced in accordance with the requirements set out in the certificate.

 

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Management system

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted

24. Every person who designs, produces, tests, uses, inspects, maintains or repairs prescribed equipment must

  • (a) implement and maintain a management system in accordance with the IAEA Regulations;
  • (b) keep a record documenting the system and of any information collected under it; and
  • (c) retain the record for a period ending two years after the day on which the prescribed equipment is removed from service.

Paragraph 306. A management system based on international, national or other standards acceptable to the competent authority shall be established and implemented for all activities within the scope of the Regulations, as identified in para. 106, to ensure compliance with the relevant provisions of these Regulations. Certification that the design specification has been fully implemented shall be available to the competent authority. The manufacturer, consignor or user shall be prepared:

  • (a) To provide facilities for inspection during manufacture and use;
  • (b) To demonstrate compliance with these Regulations to the competent authority.

Where competent authority approval is required, such approval shall take into account and be contingent upon the adequacy of the management system.

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Packaging and transport of radioactive material

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted
25. (1) Every person who transports, or presents for transport, radioactive material must comply with the requirements of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations. Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations

(2) Every consignor, other than a consignor of an excepted package, must comply with the requirements of the IAEA Regulations in respect of

  • (a) the provision of information for carriers;
  • (b) the notification of competent authorities; and
  • (c) the possession of certificates and instructions.

Information for carriers

Paragraph 554. The consignor shall provide in the transport documents a statement regarding actions, if any, that are required to be taken by the carrier. The statement shall be in the languages deemed necessary by the carrier or the authorities concerned and shall include at least the  following points:

  • (a) Supplementary requirements for loading, stowage, carriage, handling and unloading of the package, overpack or freight container, including any special stowage provisions for the safe dissipation of heat (see para. 565), or a statement that no such requirements are necessary;
  • (b) Restrictions on the mode of transport or conveyance and any necessary routeing instructions;
  • (c) Emergency arrangements appropriate to the consignment.

Paragraph 555. The consignor shall retain a copy of each of the transport documents containing the information specified in paras 546, 547, 551, 552 and 554, as applicable, for a minimum period of three months. When the documents are kept electronically, the consignor shall be able to reproduce them in a printed form.

Paragraph 556. The applicable competent authority certificates need not necessarily accompany the consignment. The consignor shall make them available to the carrier(s) before loading and unloading.

Notification of competent authorities

Paragraph 557. Before the first shipment of any package requiring competent authority approval, the consignor shall ensure that copies of each applicable competent authority certificate applying to that package design have been submitted to the competent authority of the country of origin of the shipment and to the competent authority of each country through or into which the consignment is to be transported. The consignor is not required to await an acknowledgement from the competent authority, nor is the competent authority required to make such acknowledgement of receipt of the certificate.

Paragraph 558. For each shipment listed in (a), (b), (c) or (d) below, the consignor shall notify the competent authority of the country of origin of the shipment and the competent authority of each country through or into which the consignment is to be transported. This notification shall be in the hands of each competent authority prior to the commencement of the shipment, and preferably at least 7 days in advance.

  • (a) Type C packages containing radioactive material with an activity greater than 3000A1 or 3000A2, as appropriate, or 1000 TBq, whichever is the lower;
  • (b) Type B(U) packages containing radioactive material with an activity greater than 3000A1 or 3000A2, as appropriate, or 1000 TBq, whichever is the lower;
  • (c) Type B(M) packages;
  • (d) Shipments under special arrangement.

Paragraph 559. The consignment notification shall include:

  • (a) Sufficient information to enable the identification of the package or packages, including all applicable certificate numbers and identification marks.
  • (b) Information on the date of shipment, the expected date of arrival and the proposed routeing.
  • (c) The name(s) of the radioactive material(s) or nuclide(s).
  • (d) Descriptions of the physical and chemical forms of the radioactive material, or whether it is special form radioactive material or low dispersible radioactive material.
  • (e) The maximum activity of the radioactive contents during transport expressed in units of becquerels (Bq) with the appropriate SI prefix symbol (see Annex II). For fissile material, the mass of fissile material (or the mass of each fissile nuclide for a mixture, when appropriate) in units of grams (g), or multiples thereof, may be used in place of activity.

Paragraph 560. The consignor is not required to send a separate notification if the required information has been included in the application for approval of shipment (see para. 827).

Possession of certificates and instructions

Paragraph 561. The consignor shall have in his/her possession a copy of each certificate required under Section VIII of these Regulations and a copy of the instructions with regard to the proper closing of the package and other preparations for shipment before making any shipment under the terms of the certificates.

(3) The consignor must advise the consignee that the material is going to be transported.  

(4) Every carrier of radioactive material must

  • (a) comply, in respect of transport and storage, with the requirements of the IAEA Regulations except in respect of placarding;
  • (b) transport the material in accordance with the consignor’s instructions; and
  • (c) implement and maintain work procedures to ensure compliance with these Regulations and keep a record

TRANSPORT AND STORAGE IN TRANSIT

Segregation during transport and storage in transit

Paragraph 562. Packages, overpacks and freight containers containing radioactive material and unpackaged radioactive material shall be segregated during transport and during storage in transit:

  • (a) From workers in regularly occupied working areas by distances calculated using a dose criterion of 5 mSv in a year and conservative model parameters;
  • (b) From members of the public in areas where the public has regular access by distances calculated using a dose criterion of 1 mSv in a year and conservative model parameters;
  • (c) From undeveloped photographic film by distances calculated using a radiation exposure criterion for undeveloped photographic film due to the transport of radioactive material of 0.1 mSv per consignment of such film;
  • (d) From other dangerous goods in accordance with para. 506.

Paragraph 563. Category II-YELLOW or III-YELLOW packages or overpacks shall not be carried in compartments occupied by passengers, except those exclusively reserved for couriers specially authorized to accompany such packages or.overpacks.

Stowage during transport and storage in transit

Paragraph 564. Consignments shall be securely stowed.

Paragraph 565. Provided that its average surface heat flux does not exceed 15 W/m2 and that the immediate surrounding cargo is not in sacks or bags, a package or overpack may be carried or stored among packaged general cargo without any special stowage provisions except as may be specifically required by the competent authority in an applicable certificate of approval.

Paragraph 566. Loading of freight containers and accumulation of packages, overpacks and freight containers shall be controlled as follows:.

  • (a) Except under the condition of exclusive use, and for consignments of LSA-I material, the total number of packages, overpacks and freight containers aboard a single conveyance shall be so limited that the sum of the TIs aboard the conveyance does not exceed the values shown in Table 10.
  • (b) The radiation level under routine conditions of transport shall not exceed 2 mSv/h at any point on, and 0.1 mSv/h at 2 m from, the external surface of the conveyance, except for consignments transported under exclusive use by road or rail, for which the radiation limits around the vehicle are set forth in para. 573(b) and 573(c).
  • (c) The sum of the CSIs in a freight container and aboard a conveyance shall not exceed the values shown in Table 11.

Paragraph 567. Any package or overpack having a TI greater than 10, or any consignment having a CSI greater than 50, shall be transported only under exclusive use.

Additional requirements relating to transport and storage in transit of fissile material

Paragraph 568. Any group of packages, overpacks and freight containers containing fissile material stored in transit in any one storage area shall be so limited that the sum of the CSIs in the group does not exceed 50. Each group shall be stored so as to maintain a spacing of at least 6 m from other such groups.

Paragraph 569. Where the sum of the CSIs on board a conveyance or in a freight container exceeds 50, as permitted in Table 11, storage shall be such as to maintain a spacing of at least 6 m from other groups of packages, overpacks or freight containers containing fissile material or other conveyances carrying radioactive material.

Paragraph 570. Fissile material meeting one of the provisions (a)–(f) of para. 417 shall meet the following requirements:

  • (a) Only one of the provisions (a)–(f) of para. 417 is allowed per consignment.
  • (b) Only one approved fissile material in packages classified in accordance with para. 417(f) is allowed per consignment unless multiple materials are authorized in the certificate of approval.
  • (c) Fissile material in packages classified in accordance with para. 417(c) shall be transported in a consignment with no more than 45 g of fissile nuclides.
  • (d) Fissile material in packages classified in accordance with para. 417(d) shall be transported in a consignment with no more than 15 g of fissile nuclides.
  • (e) Unpackaged or packaged fissile material classified in accordance with para. 417(e) shall be transported under exclusive use on a conveyance with no more than 45 g of fissile nuclides.

Paragraph 573. For consignments under exclusive use, the radiation level shall not exceed:

  • (a) 10 mSv/h at any point on the external surface of any package or overpack, and may only exceed 2 mSv/h provided that:
    • (i) The vehicle is equipped with an enclosure that, during routine conditions of transport, prevents the access of unauthorized persons to the interior of the enclosure.
    • (ii) Provisions are made to secure the package or overpack so that its position within the vehicle enclosure remains fixed during routine conditions of transport.
    • (iii) There is no loading or unloading during the shipment.
  • (b) 2 mSv/h at any point on the outer surfaces of the vehicle, including the upper and lower surfaces, or, in the case of an open vehicle, at any point on the vertical planes projected from the outer edges of the vehicle, on the upper surface of the load, and on the lower external surface of the vehicle.
  • (c) 0.1 mSv/h at any point 2 m from the vertical planes represented by the outer lateral surfaces of the vehicle, or, if the load is transported in an open vehicle, at any point 2 m from the vertical planes projected from the outer edges of the vehicle.

Paragraph 574. In the case of road vehicles, no persons other than the driver and assistants shall be permitted in vehicles carrying packages, overpacks or freight containers bearing category II-YELLOW or III-YELLOW labels.

Additional requirements relating to transport by vessels

Paragraph 575. Packages or overpacks having a surface radiation level greater than 2 mSv/h, unless being carried in or on a vehicle under exclusive use in accordance with Table 10, footnote (a), shall not be transported by vessel except under special arrangement.

Paragraph 576. The transport of consignments by means of a special use vessel that, by virtue of its design, or by reason of its being chartered, is dedicated to the purpose of carrying radioactive material, shall be excepted from the requirements specified in para. 566 provided that the following conditions are met:

  • (a) A radiation protection programme for the shipment shall be approved by the competent authority of the flag state of the vessel and, when requested, by the competent authority at each port of call.
  • (b) Stowage arrangements shall be predetermined for the whole voyage, including any consignments to be loaded at ports of call en route.
  • (c) The loading, carriage and unloading of the consignments shall be supervised by persons qualified in the transport of radioactive material.

Additional requirements relating to transport by air

Paragraph 577. Type B(M) packages and consignments under exclusive use shall not be transported on passenger aircraft.

Paragraph 578. Vented Type B(M) packages, packages that require external cooling by an ancillary cooling system, packages subject to operational controls during transport and packages containing liquid pyrophoric materials shall not be transported by air.

Paragraph 579. Packages or overpacks having a surface radiation level greater than 2 mSv/h shall not be transported by air except by special arrangement.

Additional requirements relating to transport by post

Paragraph 580. A consignment that conforms to the requirements of para. 515, in which the activity of the radioactive contents does not exceed one tenth of the limits prescribed in Table 4, and that does not contain uranium hexafluoride, may be accepted for domestic movement by national postal authorities, subject to such additional requirements as those authorities may prescribe.

Paragraph 581. A consignment that conforms to the requirements of para. 515, in which the activity of the radioactive contents does not exceed one tenth of the limits prescribed in Table 4, and that does not contain uranium hexafluoride, may be accepted for international movement by post, subject in particular to the following additional requirements as prescribed by the Acts of the Universal Postal Union:

  • (a) It shall be deposited with the postal service only by consignors authorized by the national authority.
  • (b) It shall be dispatched by the quickest route, normally by air.
  • (c) It shall be plainly and durably marked on the outside with the words “RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL — QUANTITIES PERMITTED FOR MOVEMENT BY POST”. These words shall be crossed out if the packaging is returned empty.
  • (d) It shall carry on the outside the name and address of the consignor with the request that the consignment be returned in the case of non-delivery.
  • (e) The name and address of the consignor and the contents of the consignment shall be indicated on the internal packaging.

26. (1) A consignor may present for transport and a carrier may transport

  • (a) radioactive material if the material is contained in
    • (i) an excepted package,
    • (ii) a Type IP-1, Type IP-2 or Type IP-3 package,
    • (iii) a Type A package,
    • (iv) a Type B or Type C package of a certified design,
    • (v) a package of a certified design used to transport fissile material, or
    • (vi) a package of a certified design used to transport 0.1 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride;
  • (b) the following if a licence has been issued for that purpose under subsection 24(2) of the Act:
    • (i) a nuclear substance contained in a large object,
    • (ii) a nuclear substance whose transport does not meet all of the requirements of these Regulations,
    • (iii) a nuclear substance whose transport requires a special use vessel,
 
  • (iv) a nuclear substance whose transport requires multilateral approval of shipments in accordance with the IAEA Regulations, and

Paragraph 825. Multilateral approval shall be required for:

  • (a) The shipment of Type B(M) packages not conforming with the requirements of para. 639 or designed to allow controlled intermittent venting.
  • (b) The shipment of Type B(M) packages containing radioactive material with an activity greater than 3000A1 or 3000A2, as appropriate, or 1000 TBq, whichever is the lower.
  • (c) The shipment of packages containing fissile material if the sum of the CSIs of the packages in a single freight container or in a single conveyance exceeds 50. Excluded from this requirement shall be shipments by seagoing vessels, if the sum of the CSIs does not exceed 50 for any hold, compartment or defined deck area and the distance of 6 m between groups of packages or overpacks, as required in Table 11, is met.
  • (d) Radiation protection programmes for shipments by special use vessels in accordance with para. 576(a).
  • (v) a package that is in transit and is of a design that has been approved as a Type B(U)-96 or Type C-96 package by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations;
This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.
  • (c) unpackaged LSA-I material or an unpackaged SCO-I, in accordance with the IAEA Regulations; and

Paragraph 520. LSA material and SCO in groups LSA-I and SCO-I may be transported, unpackaged, under the following conditions:

  • (a) All unpackaged material other than ores containing only naturally occurring radionuclides shall be transported in such a manner that under routine conditions of transport there will be no escape of the radioactive contents from the conveyance nor will there be any loss of shielding.
  • (b) Each conveyance shall be under exclusive use, except when only transporting SCO-I on which the contamination on the accessible and the inaccessible surfaces is not greater than 10 times the applicable level specified in para. 214.
  • (c) For SCO-I where it is suspected that non-fixed contamination exists on inaccessible surfaces in excess of the values specified in para. 413(a)(i), measures shall be taken to ensure that the radioactive material is not released into the conveyance.
  • (d) Unpackaged fissile material shall meet the requirement of para. 417(e).
  • (d) a package that contains 0.1 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride and that is of a design that has been approved as a Type H(U)-96 package by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.
This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

(2) The activity or mass of the radioactive material contained in the package must be within the applicable limit for that type of package as set out

  • (a) in the IAEA Regulations;
  • (b) in any applicable certificate; and

CLASSIFICATION OF PACKAGES

Paragraph 421. The quantity of radioactive material in a package shall not exceed the relevant limits for the package type as specified below.

Classification as excepted package

Paragraph 422. A package may be classified as an excepted package if it meets one of the following conditions:

  • (a) It is an empty package having contained radioactive material;
  • (b) It contains instruments or articles not exceeding the activity limits specified in Table 4;
  • (c) It contains articles manufactured of natural uranium, depleted uranium or natural thorium;
  • (d) It contains radioactive material not exceeding the activity limits specified in Table 4;
  • (e) It contains less than 0.1 kg of uranium hexafluoride not exceeding the activity limits specified in column 4 of Table 4.

[See the IAEA Regulations for Table 4, Activity Limits for Excepted Packages.]

Paragraph 423. Radioactive material that is enclosed in or is included as a component part of an instrument or other manufactured article, may be classified under UN 2911, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE — INSTRUMENTS or ARTICLES, provided that:

  • (a) The radiation level at 10 cm from any point on the external surface of any unpackaged instrument or article is not greater than 0.1 mSv/h.
  • (b) Each instrument or article bears the marking “RADIOACTIVE” on its external surface except for the following:
    • (i) Radioluminescent timepieces or devices do not require markings.
    • (ii) Consumer products that have either received regulatory approval in accordance with para. 107(e) or do not individually exceed the activity limit for an exempt consignment in Table 2 (column 5) do not require markings, provided that such products are transported in a package that bears the marking “RADIOACTIVE” on its internal surface in such a manner that a warning of the presence of radioactive material is visible on opening the package.
    • (iii) Other instruments or articles too small to bear the marking “RADIOACTIVE” do not require markings, provided that they are transported in a package that bears the marking “RADIOACTIVE” on its internal surface in such a manner that a warning of the presence of radioactive material is visible on opening the package.
  • (c) The active material is completely enclosed by non-active components (a device performing the sole function of containing radioactive material shall not be considered to be an instrument or manufactured article).
  • (d) The limits specified in columns 2 and 3 of Table 4 are met for each individual item and each package, respectively.
  • (e) For transport by post, the total activity in each excepted package shall not exceed one tenth of the relevant limits specified in column 3 of Table 4.

Paragraph 424. Radioactive material in forms other than as specified in para. 423 and with an activity not exceeding the limits specified in column 4 of Table 4 may be classified under UN 2910, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE — LIMITED QUANTITY OF MATERIAL, provided that:

  • (a) The package retains its radioactive contents under routine conditions of transport.
  • (b) The package bears the marking “RADIOACTIVE” on either:
    • (i) An internal surface in such a manner that a warning of the presence of radioactive material is visible on opening the package; or
    • (ii) The outside of the package, where it is impractical to mark an internal surface.
  • (c) For transport by post, the total activity in each excepted package shall not exceed one tenth of the relevant limits specified in column 4 of Table 4.

Paragraph 425. Uranium hexafluoride not exceeding the limits specified in column 4 of Table 4 may be classified under UN 3507 URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE, less than 0.1 kg per package, non-fissile or fissile-excepted, provided that:

  • (a) The mass of uranium hexafluoride in the package is less than 0.1 kg.
  • (b) The conditions of paras 420, 424(a) and 424(b) are met.

Additional requirements and controls for transport of empty packagings

Paragraph 427. An empty packaging that had previously contained radioactive material may be classified under UN 2908, RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL, EXCEPTED PACKAGE — EMPTY PACKAGING, provided that:

  • (a) It is in a well-maintained condition and securely closed.
  • (b) The outer surface of any uranium or thorium in its structure is covered with an inactive sheath made of metal or some other substantial material.
  • (c) The level of internal non-fixed contamination does not exceed 100 times the levels specified in para. 508.
  • (d) Any labels that may have been displayed on it in conformity with para. 538 are no longer visible.

Paragraph 429. Type A packages shall not contain activities greater than either of the following:

  • (a) For special form radioactive material — A1;
  • (b) For all other radioactive material — A2.
    Paragraph 430. For mixtures of radionuclides whose identities and respective activities are known, the following condition shall apply to the radioactive contents of a Type A package:
i B(i) A 1 (i) + j C(j) A 2 (j) 1 MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaWaaabuaeaada WcaaqaaiaadkeacaGGOaGaamyAaiaacMcaaeaacaWGbbWaaSbaaSqa aiaaigdaaeqaaOGaaiikaiaadMgacaGGPaaaaaWcbaGaamyAaaqab0 GaeyyeIuoakiabgUcaRmaaqafabaWaaSaaaeaacaWGdbGaaiikaiaa dQgacaGGPaaabaGaamyqamaaBaaaleaacaaIYaaabeaakiaacIcaca WGQbGaaiykaaaaaSqaaiaadQgaaeqaniabggHiLdGccqGHKjYOcaaI Xaaaaa@4DBB@

Where

  • B (i) is the activity of radionuclide i as special form radioactive material;
  • A1 (i) is the A1 value for radionuclide i;
  • C (j) is the activity of radionuclide j as other than special form radioactive material;
  • A2 (j) is the A2 value for radionuclide j.

Paragraph 433. Type B(U) and Type B(M) packages, if transported by air, shall meet the requirements of para. 432 and shall not contain activities greater than the following:

  • (a) For low dispersible radioactive material — as authorized for the package design as specified in the certificate of approval;
  • (b) For special form radioactive material — 3000A1 or 105A2, whichever is the lower;
  • (c) For all other radioactive material — 3000A2.
  • (c) in any applicable approval issued by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.
This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.

(3) Despite subsection (1), a package that does not require certification by the Commission and whose design meets the requirements of the 1985 or 1985 (as amended in 1990) edition of the IAEA Regulations may be used if

  • (a) the package meets the applicable requirements of section 25; and
  • (b) the packaging was neither manufactured nor modified after December 31, 2003.

(4) Despite subsection (1), a package manufactured to a package design certified under the requirements of the 1973, 1973 (as amended), 1985 or 1985 (as amended in 1990) edition of the IAEA Regulations may continue to be used if

  • (a) the package meets the applicable requirements of section 25;
  • (b) its manufacture began before
    • (i) January 1, 1996, for designs that meet the requirements of the 1973 or 1973 (as amended) edition of the IAEA Regulations, or
    • (ii) January 1, 2007, for designs that meet the requirements of the 1985 or 1985 (as amended in 1990) edition of the IAEA Regulations; or
  • (c) it contains fissile material that meets the applicable requirements for fissile material of the editions of the IAEA Regulations issued after 2009.
See the IAEA’s website for more information about the various editions of the IAEA regulations.

(5) For packages prepared in accordance with the requirements of an edition of the IAEA Regulations before the 2012 edition, if the material was considered fissile-excepted radioactive material under that earlier edition, and if it is neither excluded from the definition of fissile material nor excepted from the provisions applicable to fissile material in the editions of those Regulations issued after 2009, the package may be transported, provided that it is under exclusive use and the following formula yields a result of less than one:

( A B )+( C D ) MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaWaaeWaaeaada WcaaqaaiaadgeaaeaacaWGcbaaaaGaayjkaiaawMcaaiabgUcaRmaa bmaabaWaaSaaaeaacaWGdbaabaGaamiraaaaaiaawIcacaGLPaaaaa a@3D28@

Where

  • A is the mass in grams of uranium-235;
  • B is 400 if the fissile material is mixed with substances that have an average hydrogen density less than or equal to water, or 290 in all other cases;
  • C is the mass in grams of all other fissile nuclides, as defined in the IAEA Regulations; and
  • D is 250 if the fissile material is mixed with substances that have an average hydrogen density less than or equal to water, or 180 in all other cases.

Paragraph 222. Fissile nuclides shall mean uranium-233, uranium-235, plutonium-239 and plutonium-241. Fissile material shall mean a material containing any of the fissile nuclides. Excluded from the definition of fissile material are the following:

  • (a) Natural uranium or depleted uranium that is unirradiated;
  • (b) Natural uranium or depleted uranium that has been irradiated in thermal reactors only;
  • (c) Material with fissile nuclides less than a total of 0.25 g;
  • (d) Any combination of (a), (b) and/or (c). These exclusions are only valid if there is no other material with fissile nuclides in the package or in the consignment if shipped unpackaged.
27. (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), both LSA material and an SCO must be transported in Type IP-3 packages.  

(2) LSA-I material and an SCO-I may be transported unpackaged in accordance with the IAEA Regulations, but must be transported in a manner that ensures that, under routine conditions of transport, there will be no escape of the radioactive contents from the conveyance or any loss of shielding.

Paragraph 520. LSA material and SCO in groups LSA-I and SCO-I may be transported, unpackaged, under the following conditions:

  • (a) All unpackaged material other than ores containing only naturally occurring radionuclides shall be transported in such a manner that under routine conditions of transport there will be no escape of the radioactive contents from the conveyance nor will there be any loss of shielding.
  • (b) Each conveyance shall be under exclusive use, except when only transporting SCO-I on which the contamination on the accessible and the inaccessible surfaces is not greater than 10 times the applicable level specified in para. 214.
  • (c) For SCO-I where it is suspected that non-fixed contamination exists on inaccessible surfaces in excess of the values specified in para. 413(a)(i), measures shall be taken to ensure that the radioactive material is not released into the conveyance.
  • (d) Unpackaged fissile material shall meet the requirement of para. 417(e).

(3) LSA material and an SCO may be transported in Type IP-1 packages and Type IP-2 packages in accordance with the IAEA Regulations if the LSA material and the SCO

  • (a) are transported in conveyances that are not carrying passengers;
  • (b) are transported in conveyances or freight containers from one consignor only; and
  • (c) are only loaded at the consignor’s location and unloaded at the consignee’s location.
Paragraph 521. LSA material and SCO, except as otherwise specified in para. 520, shall be packaged in accordance with Table 5.

28. (1) Consignors and carriers of radioactive material must comply with the IAEA Regulations in respect of

  • (a) requirements to be met before the first shipment and before each shipment;

REQUIREMENTS BEFORE THE FIRST SHIPMENT

Paragraph 501. Before a packaging is first used to transport radioactive material, it shall be confirmed that it has been manufactured in conformity with the design specifications to ensure compliance with the relevant provisions of these Regulations and any applicable certificate of approval. The following requirements shall also be fulfilled, if applicable:

  • (a) If the design pressure of the containment system exceeds 35 kPa (gauge), it shall be ensured that the containment system of each packaging conforms to the approved design requirements relating to the capability of that system to maintain its integrity under that pressure.
  • (b) For each packaging intended for use as a Type B(U), Type B(M) or Type C package and for each packaging intended to contain fissile material, it shall be ensured that the effectiveness of its shielding and containment and, where necessary, the heat transfer characteristics and the effectiveness of the confinement system, are within the limits applicable to or specified for the approved design.
  • (c) For each packaging intended to contain fissile material, it shall be ensured that the effectiveness of the criticality safety features is within the limits applicable to or specified for the design, and in particular where, in order to comply with the requirements of para. 673, neutron poisons are specifically included, checks shall be performed to confirm the presence and distribution of those neutron poisons.

REQUIREMENTS BEFORE EACH SHIPMENT

Paragraph 502. Before each shipment of any package, it shall be ensured that the package contains neither:

  • (a) Radionuclides different from those specified for the package design; nor
  • (b) Contents in a form, or physical or chemical state, different from those specified for the package design

Paragraph 503. Before each shipment of any package, it shall be ensured that all the requirements specified in the relevant provisions of these Regulations and in the applicable certificates of approval have been fulfilled. The following requirements shall also be fulfilled, if applicable:

  • (a) It shall be ensured that lifting attachments that do not meet the requirements of para. 608 have been removed or otherwise rendered incapable of being used for lifting the package, in accordance with para. 609.
  • (b) Each Type B(U), Type B(M) and Type C package shall be held until equilibrium conditions have been approached closely enough to demonstrate compliance with the requirements for temperature and pressure, unless an exemption from these requirements has received unilateral approval.
  • (c) For each Type B(U), Type B(M) and Type C package, it shall be ensured by inspection and/or appropriate tests that all closures, valve and other openings of the containment system through which the radioactive contents might escape are properly closed and, where appropriate, sealed in the manner for which the demonstrations of compliance with the requirements of paras 659 and 671 were made.
  • (d) For packages containing fissile material, the measurement specified in para. 677(b) and the tests to demonstrate closure of each package as specified in para. 680 shall be performed.
  • (b) requirements for the transport of other goods;

TRANSPORT OF OTHER GOODS

Paragraph 504. A package shall not contain any items other than those that are necessary for the use of the radioactive material. The interaction between these items and the package, under the conditions of transport applicable to the design, shall not reduce the safety of the package.

Paragraph 505. Freight containers, IBCs, tanks, as well as other packagings and overpacks, used for the transport of radioactive material shall not be used for the storage or transport of other goods unless decontaminated below the level of 0.4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters and 0.04 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.

Paragraph 506. Consignments shall be segregated from other dangerous goods during transport in compliance with the relevant transport regulations for dangerous goods of each of the countries through or into which the materials will be transported, and, where applicable, with the regulations of the cognizant transport organizations, as well as these Regulations.

  • c) requirements and controls for contamination and for leaking packages;

REQUIREMENTS AND CONTROLS FOR  CONTAMINATION AND FOR LEAKING PACKAGES

Paragraph 508. The non-fixed contamination on the external surfaces of any package shall be kept as low as practicable and, under routine conditions of transport, shall not exceed the following limits:

  • (a) 4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters;
  • (b) 0.4 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters.
  • These limits are applicable when averaged over any area of 300 cm2 of any part of the surface.

Paragraph 509. Except as provided in para. 514, the level of non-fixed contamination on the external and internal surfaces of overpacks, freight containers, tanks, IBCs and conveyances shall not exceed the limits specified in para. 508.

Paragraph 510. If it is evident that a package is damaged or leaking, or if it is suspected that the package may have leaked or been damaged, access to the package shall be restricted and a qualified person shall, as soon as possible, assess the extent of contamination and the resultant radiation level of the package. The scope of the assessment shall include the package, the conveyance, the adjacent loading and unloading areas and, if necessary, all other material that has been carried in the conveyance. When necessary, additional steps for the protection of persons, property and the environment, in accordance with provisions established by the relevant competent authority, shall be taken to overcome and minimize the consequences of such leakage or damage.

Paragraph 511. Packages that are damaged or leaking radioactive contents in excess of allowable limits for normal conditions of transport may be removed to an acceptable interim location under supervision, but shall not be forwarded until repaired or reconditioned and decontaminated.

Paragraph 512. A conveyance and equipment used regularly for the transport of radioactive material shall be periodically checked to determine the level of contamination. The frequency of such checks shall be related to the likelihood of contamination and the extent to which radioactive material is transported.

Paragraph 513. Except as provided in para. 514, any conveyance, or equipment or part thereof that has become contaminated above the limits specified in para. 508 in the course of the transport of radioactive material, or that shows a radiation level in excess of 5 μSv/h at the surface, shall be decontaminated as soon as possible by a qualified person and shall not be reused unless the following conditions are fulfilled:

  • (a) The non-fixed contamination shall not exceed the limits specified in para. 508.
  • (b) The radiation level resulting from the fixed contamination shall not exceed 5 μSv/h at the surface.

Paragraph 514. A freight container, tank, IBC or conveyance dedicated to the transport of unpackaged radioactive material under exclusive use shall be excepted from the requirements of paras 509 and 513 solely with regard to its internal surfaces and only for as long as it remains under that specific exclusive use.

  • (d) requirements and controls for transport of excepted packages;

REQUIREMENTS AND CONTROLS FOR TRANSPORT OF EXCEPTED PACKAGES

Paragraph 515. Excepted packages shall be subject only to the following provisions in Sections V and VI:

  • (a) The requirements specified in paras 503–505, 507–513, 516, 530–533, 545, 546 introductory sentence, 546(a), 546(k), 550–553, 555, 556, 561, 564, 582 and 583;
  • (b) The requirements for excepted packages specified in para. 622;
  • (c) The requirements specified in paras 580 and 581, if transported by post.

All relevant provisions of the other sections shall apply to excepted packages. If the excepted package contains fissile material, one of the fissile exceptions provided by para. 417 shall apply.

Paragraph 516. The radiation level at any point on the external surface of an excepted package shall not exceed 5 μSv/h.

  • e) the determination of the transport index;

DETERMINATION OF TRANSPORT INDEX

Paragraph 523. The TI for a package, overpack or freight container, or for unpackaged LSA-I or SCO-I, shall be the number derived in accordance with the following procedure:

  • (a) Determine the maximum radiation level in units of millisieverts per hour (mSv/h) at a distance of 1 m from the external surfaces of the package, overpack, freight container or unpackaged LSA-I and SCO-I. The value determined shall be multiplied by 100 and the resulting number is the TI. For uranium and thorium ores and their concentrates, the maximum radiation level at any point 1 m from the external surface of the load may be taken as:
    • (i) 0.4 mSv/h for ores and physical concentrates of uranium and thorium;
    • (ii) 0.3 mSv/h for chemical concentrates of thorium;
    • (iii) 0.02 mSv/h for chemical concentrates of uranium, other than uranium hexafluoride.
  • (b) For tanks, freight containers and unpackaged LSA-I and SCO-I, the value determined in step (a) shall be multiplied by the appropriate factor from Table 7.
  • (c) The value obtained in steps (a) and (b) shall be rounded up to the first decimal place (for example, 1.13 becomes 1.2), except that a value of 0.05 or less may be considered as zero.

Paragraph 524. The TI for each overpack, freight container or conveyance shall be determined as either the sum of the TIs of all the packages contained, or by direct measurement of radiation level, except in the case of non-rigid overpacks, for which the TI shall be determined only as the sum of the TIs of all the packages.

  • (f) the determination of the criticality safety index;

DETERMINATION OF CRITICALITY SAFETY INDEX FOR CONSIGNMENTS, FREIGHT CONTAINERS AND OVERPACKS

Paragraph 525. The CSI for each overpack or freight container shall be determined as the sum of the CSIs of all the packages contained. The same procedure shall be followed for determining the total sum of the CSIs in a consignment or aboard a conveyance.

  • (g) the limits on the transport index, criticality safety index and radiation levels;

LIMITS ON TRANSPORT INDEX, CRITICALITY SAFETY INDEX AND RADIATION LEVELS FOR PACKAGES AND OVERPACKS

Paragraph 526. Except for consignments under exclusive use, the TI of any package or overpack shall not exceed 10, nor shall the CSI of any package or overpack exceed 50. Paragraph 527. Except for packages or overpacks transported under exclusive use by rail or by road under the conditions specified in para. 573(a), or under exclusive use and special arrangement by vessel or by air under the conditions specified in para. 575 or para. 579, respectively, the maximum radiation level at any point on the external surface of a package or overpack shall not exceed 2 mSv/h.

Paragraph 528. The maximum radiation level at any point on the external surface of a package or overpack under exclusive use shall not exceed 10 mSv/h.

  • (h) the determination of categories for packages, overpacks and freight containers; and

CATEGORIES

Paragraph 529. Packages, overpacks and freight containers shall be assigned to either category I-WHITE, II-YELLOW or III-YELLOW in accordance with the conditions specified in Table 8 and with the following requirements:

  • (a) For a package, overpack or freight container, the TI and the surface radiation level conditions shall be taken into account in determining which category is appropriate. Where the TI satisfies the condition for one category but the surface radiation level satisfies the condition for a different category, the package, overpack or freight container shall be assigned to the higher category. For this purpose, category I-WHITE shall be regarded as the lowest category.
  • (b) The TI shall be determined following the procedures specified in paras 523 and 524.
  • (c) If the surface radiation level is greater than 2 mSv/h, the package or overpack shall be transported under exclusive use and under the provisions of paras 573(a), 575 or 579, as appropriate.
  • (d) A package transported under a special arrangement shall be assigned to category III-YELLOW except under the provisions of para. 530.
  • (e) An overpack or freight container that contains packages transported under special arrangement shall be assigned to category III-YELLOW except under the provisions of para. 530.
  • (i) the marking and labelling of packages, overpacks and freight containers, except that the figures illustrating labels found in the IAEA Regulations must be replaced by the corresponding illustrations for Class 7 radioactive materials that are set out in the Appendix to Part 4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.

MARKING, LABELLING AND PLACARDING

Paragraph 530. For each package or overpack, the UN number and proper shipping name shall be determined (see Table 1). In all cases of international transport of packages requiring competent authority approval of design or shipment, for which different approval types apply in the different countries concerned by the shipment, the UN number, proper shipping name, categorization, labelling and  marking shall be in accordance with the certificate of the country of origin of design.

Marking

Paragraph 531. Each package shall be legibly and durably marked on the outside of the packaging with an identification of either the consignor or consignee, or both. Each overpack shall be legibly and durably marked on the outside of the overpack with an identification of either the consignor or consignee, or both, unless these markings of all the packages within the overpack are clearly visible.

Paragraph 532. Each package shall be legibly and durably marked on the outside with the UN marking as specified in Table 9. Additionally, each overpack shall be legibly and durably marked with the word “OVERPACK” and the UN marking as specified in Table 9 unless all the markings of the packages within the overpack are clearly visible.

Paragraph 533. Each package of gross mass exceeding 50 kg shall have its permissible gross mass legibly and durably marked on the outside of the packaging.

Paragraph 534. Each package that conforms to:

  • (a) An IP-1, IP-2 or IP-3 design shall be legibly and durably marked on the outside of the packaging with “TYPE IP-1”, “TYPE IP-2” or “TYPE IP-3”, as appropriate.
  • (b) A Type A package design shall be legibly and durably marked on the outside of the packaging with “TYPE A”.
  • (c) An IP-2, IP-3 or a Type A package design shall be legibly and durably marked on the outside of the packaging with the international vehicle registration code (VRI code) of the country of origin of design and either the name of the manufacturer or other identification of the packaging specified by the competent authority of the country of origin of design.

Paragraph 535. Each package that conforms to a design approved under one or more of paras 807–816 and 820 shall be legibly and durably marked on the outside of the packaging with the following information:

  • (a) The identification mark allocated to that design by the competent authority;
  • (b) A serial number to identify uniquely each packaging that conforms to that design;
  • (c) “TYPE B(U)”, “TYPE B(M)” or “TYPE C”, in the case of a Type B(U), Type B(M) or Type C package design.

Paragraph 536. Each package that conforms to a Type B(U), Type B(M) or Type C package design shall have the outside of the outermost receptacle, that is resistant to the effects of fire and water, plainly marked by embossing, stamping or other means resistant to the effects of fire and water with the trefoil symbol shown in Fig. 1.

Paragraph 537. Where LSA-I or SCO-I material is contained in receptacles or wrapping materials and is transported under exclusive use, as permitted by para. 520, the outer surface of these receptacles or wrapping materials may bear the marking “RADIOACTIVE LSA-I” or “RADIOACTIVE SCO-I”, as appropriate.

Labelling

Paragraph 538. Each package, overpack and freight container shall bear the labels conforming to the applicable models in Figs 2–4, except as allowed under the alternative provisions of para. 543 for large freight containers and tanks, according to the appropriate category. In addition, each package, overpack and freight container containing fissile material, other than fissile material excepted under the provisions of para. 417, shall bear labels conforming to the model in Fig. 5. Any labels that do not relate to the contents shall be removed or covered. For radioactive material having other dangerous properties, see para. 507.

Paragraph 539. The labels conforming to the applicable models in Figs 2–4 shall be affixed to two opposite sides of the outside of a package or overpack or on the outside of all four sides of a freight container or tank. The labels conforming to the model in Fig. 5, where applicable, shall be affixed adjacent to the labels conforming to the applicable models in Figs 2–4. The labels shall not cover the markings specified in paras 531–536.

Labelling for radioactive contents

Paragraph 540. Each label conforming to the applicable models in Figs 2–4 shall be completed with the following information:

  • (a) Contents:
    • (i) Except for LSA-I material, the name(s) of the radionuclide(s) as taken from Table 2, using the symbols prescribed therein. For mixtures of radionuclides, the most restrictive nuclides must be listed to the extent the space on the line permits. The group of LSA or SCO shall be shown following the name(s) of the radionuclide(s). The terms “LSA-II”, “LSA-III”, “SCO-I” and “SCO-II” shall be used for this purpose.
    • (ii) For LSA-I material, the term “LSA-I” is all that is necessary; the name of the radionuclide is not necessary.
  • (b) Activity: The maximum activity of the radioactive contents during transport expressed in units of becquerels (Bq) with the appropriate SI prefix symbol (see Annex II). For fissile material, the total mass of fissile nuclides in units of grams (g), or multiples thereof, may be used in place of activity.
  • (c) For overpacks and freight containers, the “contents” and “activity” entries on the label shall bear the information required in para. 540(a) and 540(b), respectively, totalled together for the entire contents of the overpack or freight container except that on labels for overpacks or freight containers containing mixed loads of packages containing different radionuclides, such entries may read “See Transport Documents”.
  • (d) TI: The number determined in accordance with paras 523 and 524 (no TI entry is required for Category I-WHITE).

Labelling for criticality safety

Paragraph 541. Each label conforming to the model in Fig. 5 shall be completed with the CSI as stated in the certificate of approval applicable in the countries through or into which the consignment is transported and issued by the competent authority or as specified in para. 674 or para. 675.

Paragraph 542. For overpacks and freight containers, the label conforming to the model in Fig. 5 shall bear the sum of the CSIs of all the packages contained therein.>

See illustrations for Class 7 radioactive materials in the Appendix to Part 4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.

(2) Despite subsection (1), a consignor may present for transport and a carrier may transport, by road, radioactive material in a package, or a package within an overpack, that is not labelled in accordance with the IAEA Regulations, if

  • (a) the package or overpack contains or is an exposure device of a model that is certified, and
    • (i) the package or overpack is transported with goods from one consignor only and in a conveyance that is not carrying passengers,
    • (ii) the package or overpack is transported in a conveyance that displays on each side and on each end a placard for Class 7 radioactive materials as set out in the Appendix to Part 4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, and
    • (iii) both the package and the overpack, if one is used, are clearly marked with the word “RADIOACTIVE” or “RADIOACTIF”;
  • (b) the package is an excepted package; or
  • (c) the package or overpack contains only LSA-I material other than uranium hexafluoride and
    • (i) the package or overpack is transported with goods from one consignor only and in a conveyance that is not carrying passengers,
    • (ii) the package or overpack is only loaded at the consignor’s location and unloaded at the consignee’s location,
    • (iii) the package or overpack is transported by road in a conveyance or freight container that displays on each side and on each end a placard for Class 7 radioactive materials as set out in the Appendix to Part 4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, and
    • (iv) both the package and the overpack, if one is used, are clearly marked with the words “RADIOACTIVE LSA-I” or “LSA-I RADIOACTIF”.
See illustrations for Class 7 radioactive materials in the Appendix to Part 4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.

(3) For the purpose of subsection (2), “certified” and “exposure device” have the same meaning as in section 1 of the Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations.

Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices Regulations

“certified” means certified by the Commission under paragraph 21(1)(h) or (i) of the Act or by a designated officer authorized under paragraph 37(2)(a) or (b) of the Act. (homologué)

“exposure device” means a radiation device that is designed for carrying out gamma radiography, and includes any accessory to the device such as a sealed source assembly, a drive mechanism, a sealed source assembly guide tube and an exposure head. (appareil d’exposition)

(4) Despite subsection (1), a consignor may present for transport and a carrier may transport radioactive material in accordance with the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code or the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air.

International Maritime Dangerous Goods CodeFootnote 2

Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by AirFootnote 3

(5) If the English and French versions of the IAEA Regulations each prescribe the use of a word, the word prescribed by either version may be used.  
29. (1) Every consignor of radioactive material must include in the transport documents for the consignment the particulars of consignment that are required by the IAEA Regulations, which particulars must be clearly and indelibly printed.

Particulars of consignment

Paragraph 546. The consignor shall include in the transport documents with each consignment the identification of the consignor and consignee, including their names and addresses, and the following information, as applicable, in the order given:

  • (a) The UN number assigned to the material as specified in accordance with the provisions of paras 401 and 530, preceded by the letters “UN”.
  • (b) The proper shipping name, as specified in accordance with the provisions of paras 401 and 530.
  • (c) The UN class number “7”.
  • (d) The subsidiary hazard class or division number(s) corresponding to the subsidiary risk label(s) required to be applied, when assigned, shall be entered following the primary hazard class or division and shall be enclosed in parentheses.
  • (e) The name or symbol of each radionuclide or, for mixtures of radionuclides, an appropriate general description or a list of the most restrictive nuclides.
  • (f) A description of the physical and chemical form of the material, or a notation that the material is special form radioactive material or low dispersible radioactive material. A generic chemical description is acceptable for chemical form.
  • (g) The maximum activity of the radioactive contents during transport expressed in units of becquerels (Bq) with the appropriate SI prefix symbol (see Annex II). For fissile material, the mass of fissile material (or mass of each fissile nuclide for mixtures, when appropriate) in units of grams (g), or appropriate multiples thereof, may be used in place of activity.
  • (h) The category of the package, i.e. I-WHITE, II-YELLOW, III-YELLOW.
    • (i) The TI (categories II-YELLOW and III-YELLOW only).
  • (j) For fissile material:
    • (i) Shipped under one exception of subparagraphs 417(a)–(f), reference to that para.;
    • (ii) Shipped under para. 417(c)–(e), the total mass of fissile nuclides;
    • (iii) Contained in a package for which one of para. 674(a)–(c) or 675 is applied, reference to that para.;
    • (iv) The CSI, where applicable.
  • (k) The identification mark for each competent authority certificate of approval (special form radioactive material, low dispersible radioactive material, fissile material excepted under para. 417(f), special arrangement, package design or shipment) applicable to the consignment.
  • (l) For consignments of more than one package, the information contained in para. 546(a)–(k) shall be given for each package. For packages in an overpack, freight container or conveyance, a detailed statement of the contents of each package within the overpack, freight container or conveyance and, where appropriate, of each overpack, freight container or conveyance shall be included. If packages are to be removed from the overpack, freight container or conveyance at a point of intermediate unloading, appropriate transport documents shall be made available.
  • (m) Where a consignment is required to be shipped under exclusive use, the statement “EXCLUSIVE USE SHIPMENT”.
  • (n) For LSA-II, LSA-III, SCO-I and SCO-II, the total activity of the consignment as a multiple of A2. For radioactive material for which the A2 value is unlimited, the multiple of A2 shall be zero.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply

  • (a) to an excepted package if the transport documents contain the following information:
    • (i) the identification of the consignor and consignee,
    • (ii) the United Nations number assigned to the material as set out in the IAEA Regulations, preceded by the letters “UN”,
    • (iii) the proper shipping name as set out in the IAEA Regulations,
    • (iv) the identification mark for the certification described in each of sections 12 to 14, as applicable, and
See Section IV, Table 1, Excerpts from the List of UN Numbers, Proper Shipping Names and Descriptions in the IAEA Regulations.
  • (v) the identification mark of any applicable special form radioactive material approval issued by a foreign competent authority in accordance with the IAEA Regulations; or
This is a general reference to conducting competent authority approvals in accordance with the IAEA Regulations.
  • (b) to a consignor who provides transport documents that have been prepared in accordance with the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code or the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air.

International Maritime Dangerous Goods CodeFootnote 2

Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by AirFootnote 3

(3) Every carrier who transports a consignment of radioactive material must ensure that it is accompanied by the transport documents referred to in subsection (1) or (2).  
4) The transport documents in respect of radioactive material that is in an exposure device, referred to in paragraph 28(2)(a), transported in accordance with that paragraph do not need to meet the requirements set out in the IAEA Regulations for the category of the package and transport index.

Paragraph 546. The consignor shall include in the transport documents with each consignment the identification of the consignor and consignee, including their names and addresses, and the following information, as applicable, in the order given: […]

  • (h) The category of the package, i.e. I-WHITE, II-YELLOW, III-YELLOW.
    • (i) The TI (categories II-YELLOW and III-YELLOW only).

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Radiation Protection - Definitions

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted
30. For the purposes of sections 31 and 33, “committed”, “equivalent dose” and “radon progeny” have the same meaning as in subsection 1(1) of the Radiation Protection Regulations.

Radiation Protection Regulations

“committed” means, in respect of a dose of radiation, received by an organ or tissue from a nuclear substance during the 50 years after the substance is taken into the body of a person 18 years old or older or during the period beginning at intake and ending at age 70, after it is taken into the body of a person less than 18 years old. (engagée)

“equivalent dose” means the product, in sievert, obtained by multiplying the absorbed dose of radiation of the type set out in column 1 of an item of Schedule 2 by the weighting factor set out in column 2 of that item. (dose équivalente)

“radon progeny” means the following radioactive decay products of radon 222: bismuth 214, lead 214, polonium 214 and polonium 218. (produit de filiation du radon)

Radiation Protection program

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted

31. (1) Every consignor, carrier or consignee of radioactive material, other than one who only handles or transports excepted packages, must implement a radiation protection program and must, as part of that program,

  • (a) keep the amount of exposure to radon progeny and the effective dose and equivalent dose received by and committed to persons as low as reasonably achievable, taking into account social and economic factors, through the implementation of
    • (i) management control over work practices,
    • (ii) personnel qualification and training,
    • (iii) control of exposure to radiation by personnel and the public, and
    • (iv) planning for unusual situations;
  • (b) prevent persons from receiving doses of radiation higher than the radiation dose limits prescribed by the Radiation Protection Regulations;
  • (c) assess the radiation at the workplace and
    • (i) conduct workplace or individual monitoring if it may reasonably be expected that the doses of radiation received by persons at the workplace will be 1 mSv or more but less than 5 mSv a year, or
    • (ii) conduct individual monitoring if it may reasonably be expected that the doses of radiation received by persons at the workplace will be 5 mSv a year or more; and
  • (d) train the persons referred to in the program on the application of the program.

(2) Every consignor, carrier or consignee must

  • (a) keep a record documenting their radiation protection program and of any information collected under it; and
  • (b) retain the record for a period ending two years after the day on which the information is collected.

32. Every consignor, carrier or consignee who becomes aware that a dose of radiation received by a person may have exceeded an applicable dose limit prescribed by the Radiation Protection Regulations must

  • (a) immediately notify the person and the Commission of the dose;
  • (b) conduct an investigation to determine the magnitude of the dose and to establish the causes of the exposure;
  • (c) take any action required to prevent the occurrence of a similar incident; and
  • (d) within 21 days after becoming aware that the dose limit may have been exceeded, report to the Commission the results of the investigation or the progress that has been made in conducting it.

33. (1) Every consignor, carrier or consignee must inform every nuclear energy worker that they employ, in writing,

  • (a) of the fact that the worker is a nuclear energy worker;
  • (b) of the risks associated with the radiation to which the worker may be exposed in the course of their work, including the risks associated with the exposure of embryos and foetuses to radiation;
  • (c) of the applicable effective dose limits and equivalent dose limits prescribed by sections 13 and 14, respectively, of the Radiation Protection Regulations; and
  • (d) of the worker’s radiation dose levels.

(2) In the case of a female nuclear energy worker, the consignor, carrier or consignee must

  • (a) inform her, in writing, that she is required, as soon as she is aware that she is pregnant, to inform her employer of that fact in writing;
  • (b) inform her, in writing, of the applicable effective dose limits prescribed by the Radiation Protection Regulations; and
  • (c) on being informed of the pregnancy, make any accommodation that will not result in costs or business inconvenience constituting undue hardship to it to comply with the effective dose limits prescribed by section 13 of the Radiation Protection Regulations.

(3) Every consignor, carrier or consignee must obtain from each nuclear energy worker that they employ who is informed of the matters referred to in paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) and subsection (2) a written acknowledgement that the worker has received the information.

Radiation Protection Regulations

EFFECTIVE DOSE LIMITS

13. (1) Every licensee shall ensure that the effective dose received by and committed to a person described in column 1 of an item of the table to this subsection, during the period set out in column 2 of that item, does not exceed the effective dose set out in column 3 of that item.

Item Column 1
Person
Column 2
Period
Column 3
Effective Dose (nSv)
1 Nuclear energy worker, including a pregnant nuclear energy worker (a) One-year dosimetry period 50
1 Nuclear energy worker, including a pregnant nuclear energy worker (b) Five-year dosimetry period 100
2 Pregnant nuclear energy worker Balance of the pregnancy 4
3 A person who is not a nuclear energy worker One calendar year 1

(2) For the purpose of item 1 of the table to subsection (1), the effective dose shall be calculated using the following formula and expressed in millisievert:

E+5RnP+20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRiaaiwdacaWGsbGaamOBaiaadcfacqGHRaWkcaaIYaGaaGimamaa qaeabaWaaSaaaeaacaaIXaaabaGaamyqaiaadYeacaWGjbaaaaWcbe qab0GaeyyeIuoaaaa@429C@

(3) For the purpose of item 2 of the table to subsection (1), the effective dose shall be calculated using the following formula and expressed in millisievert:

E+20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRiaaikdacaaIWaWaaabqaeaadaWcaaqaaiaadMeaaeaacaWGbbGa amitaiaadMeaaaaaleqabeqdcqGHris5aaaa@3E6F@

(4) For the purpose of item 3 of the table to subsection (1), the effective dose shall be calculated using either of the following formulas and expressed in millisievert:

E+ Rn 60 +20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRmaalaaabaGaamOuaiaad6gaaeaacaaI2aGaaGimaaaacqGHRaWk caaIYaGaaGimamaaqaeabaWaaSaaaeaacaWGjbaabaGaamyqaiaadY eacaWGjbaaaaWcbeqab0GaeyyeIuoaaaa@42A5@ E+4RnP+20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRiaaisdacaWGsbGaamOBaiaadcfacqGHRaWkcaaIYaGaaGimamaa qaeabaWaaSaaaeaacaWGjbaabaGaamyqaiaadYeacaWGjbaaaaWcbe qab0GaeyyeIuoaaaa@42AE@

(5) For the purpose of subsection (1), where the end of a dosimeter-wearing period or a bioassay-sampling period does not coincide with the end of a dosimetry period set out in column 2 of the table to that subsection, the licensee may extend or reduce the dosimetry period to a maximum of two weeks so that the end of the dosimetry period coincides with the end of the dosimeter-wearing period or biossay-sampling period, as the case may be.

EQUIVALENT DOSE LIMITS 14. (1) Every licensee shall ensure that the equivalent dose received by and committed to an organ or tissue set out in column 1 of an item of the table to this subsection, of a person described in column 2 of that item, during the period set out in column 3 of that item, does not exceed the equivalent dose set out in column 4 of that item.

Item Column 1
Organ or Tissue
Column 2
Person
Column 3
Period
Column 4
Equivalent Dose (mSv)
1 Lens of an eye (a) Nuclear energy worker One-year dosimetry period 150
1 Lens of an eye (b) Any other person One calendar year 15
2 Skin (a) Nuclear energy worke One-year dosimetry period 500
2 Skin (b) Any other person One calendar year 50
3 Hands and feet (a) Nuclear energy worker One-year dosimetry period 500
3 Hands and feet (b) Any other person One calendar year 50

(2) For the purpose of subsection (1), where a dosimeter-wearing period or a bioassay-sampling period extends beyond the end of a dosimetry period set out in column 3 of the table to that subsection, the period is extended to the end of the dosimeter-wearing or bioassay-sampling period or by two weeks, whichever extension is shorter.

(3) When skin is unevenly irradiated, the equivalent dose received by the skin is the average equivalent dose over the 1 cm2 area that received the highest equivalent dose.

Personal information

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted
34. (1) If a consignor, carrier or consignee collects personal information, as defined in section 3 of the Privacy Act, that may be required to be disclosed to the Commission, another government institution, as defined in that section, or a dosimetry service, the consignor, carrier or consignee must inform the person to whom the information relates of the purpose for which it is being collected.

Privacy Act

“personal information” means information about an identifiable individual that is recorded in any form including, without restricting the generality of the foregoing,

  • (a) information relating to the race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age or marital status of the individual,
  • (b) information relating to the education or the medical, criminal or employment history of the individual or information relating to financial transactions in which the individual has been involved,
  • (c) any identifying number, symbol or other particular assigned to the individual,
  • (d) the address, fingerprints or blood type of the individual,
  • (e) the personal opinions or views of the individual except where they are about another individual or about a proposal for a grant, an award or a prize to be made to another individual by a government institution or a part of a government institution specified in the regulations,
  • (f) correspondence sent to a government institution by the individual that is implicitly or explicitly of a private or confidential nature, and replies to such correspondence that would reveal the contents of the original correspondence,
  • (g) the views or opinions of another individual about the individual,
  • (h) the views or opinions of another individual about a proposal for a grant, an award or a prize to be made to the individual by an institution or a part of an institution referred to in paragraph (e), but excluding the name of the other individual where it appears with the views or opinions of the other individual, and
  • (i) the name of the individual where it appears with other personal information relating to the individual or where the disclosure of the name itself would reveal information about the individual,

but, for the purposes of sections 7, 8 and 26 and section 19 of the Access to Information Act, does not include

  • (j) information about an individual who is or was an officer or employee of a government institution that relates to the position or functions of the individual including,
    • (i) the fact that the individual is or was an officer or employee of the government institution,
    • (ii) the title, business address and telephone number of the individual,
    • (iii) the classification, salary range and responsibilities of the position held by the individual,
    • (iv) the name of the individual on a document prepared by the individual in the course of employment, and
    • (v) the personal opinions or views of the individual given in the course of employment,
  • (k) information about an individual who is or was performing services under contract for a government institution that relates to the services performed, including the terms of the contract, the name of the individual and the opinions or views of the individual given in the course of the performance of those services,
  • (l) information relating to any discretionary benefit of a financial nature, including the granting of a licence or permit, conferred on an individual, including the name of the individual and the exact nature of the benefit, and
  • (m) information about an individual who has been dead for more than twenty years;

(2) Every nuclear energy worker whose work requires that they engage in activities that are subject to these Regulations must provide the following information to their employer:

  • (a) their given names, surname and any previous surname;
  • (b) their Social Insurance Number;
  • (c) their gender;
  • (d) their date, province and country of birth; and
  • (e) their dose record, as applicable, for the current one-year dosimetry period and five-year dosimetry period as those terms are defined in subsection 1(1) of the Radiation Protection Regulations.

Radiation Protection Regulations

“one-year dosimetry period” means the period of one calendar year beginning on January 1 of the year following the year in which these Regulations come into force, and every period of one calendar year after that period. (période de dosimétrie d’un an)

“five-year dosimetry period” means the period of five calendar years beginning on January 1 of the year following the year in which these Regulations come into force, and every period of five calendar years after that period. (période de dosimétrie de cinq ans)

Dangerous occurences

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted

35. For the purpose of sections 36 to 38, a dangerous occurrence is any of the following situations:

  • (a) a conveyance carrying radioactive material is involved in an accident;
  • (b) a package shows evidence of damage, tampering or leakage of its contents, or its integrity is degraded in a manner that may reasonably be expected to impair its ability to comply with these Regulations or its certificate;
  • (c) radioactive material is lost, stolen or no longer in the control of a person who is required to have control of it under the Act;
  • (d) radioactive material has escaped from a containment system, a package or a conveyance during transport;
  • (e) fissile material is outside the confinement system during transport;
 
  • (f) the level of non-fixed contamination, as defined in the IAEA Regulations, during transport exceeds the following limits as applicable when averaged over any area of 300 cm2 of any part of the surface of the package or the conveyance:
    • (i) 4 Bq/cm2 for beta and gamma emitters and low toxicity alpha emitters, or
    • (ii) 0.4 Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters;
  • (g) there is a failure to comply with the provisions of the Act, the provisions of these Regulations or any licence or certificate that is applicable to a package that may reasonably be expected to lead to a situation in which the environment, the health and safety of persons or national security is adversely affected.
Paragraph 215. Non-fixed contamination shall mean contamination that can be removed from a surface during routine conditions of transport.

36. (1) The consignor, carrier or consignee of a package or radioactive material involved in a dangerous occurrence or any other person who controls any area affected by a dangerous occurrence must immediately

  • (a) limit, to the extent possible, the dispersal of any radioactive material;
  • (b) place barriers, signs or personnel at every point of entry into the affected area to control the entry of persons into that area; and
  • (c) record the name, postal address and telephone number of any person who may have been exposed to or contaminated by radioactive material and request that the person remain available for assessment by an expert in radiation protection.
 
(2) As soon as feasible after a dangerous occurrence has occurred the consignor, carrier or consignee of the package or radioactive material involved in the occurrence must have an expert in radiation protection assess the situation. The expert must report the results of the assessment to the Commission as soon as feasible.  
37. (1) Immediately after becoming aware of a failure to comply with the requirements of section 26 or after the obligations set out in subsection 36(1) have been discharged, every consignor, carrier, consignee and holder of a licence to transport a package while in transit must make a preliminary report of the situation to the Commission.
(2) No preliminary report is required for the dangerous occurrence referred to in paragraph 35(f) in respect of the internal surfaces of a tank or intermediate bulk container, as those terms are defined in the IAEA Regulations — or of a freight container or conveyance — that is dedicated to the transport of unpackaged radioactive material under exclusive use for as long as it remains under that specific exclusive use.

Paragraph 224. Intermediate bulk container (IBC) shall mean a portable packaging that:

  • (a) Has a capacity of not more than 3 m3;
  • (b) Is designed for mechanical handling;
  • (c) Is resistant to the stresses produced in handling and transport, as determined by tests.

Paragraph 242. Tank shall mean a portable tank (including a tank container), a road tank vehicle, a rail tank wagon or a receptacle that contains solids, liquids, or gases, having a capacity of not less than 450 L when used for the transport of gases.

(3) Every carrier, consignee and holder of a licence referred to in subsection (1) must immediately notify the consignor if that person is not already aware of the failure to comply or of the dangerous occurrence.

(4) All preliminary reports must include information on the location and circumstances of the failure to comply or of the dangerous occurrence and on any action that the consignor carrier, consignee or holder of a licence referred to in subsection (1) has taken or proposes to take with respect to it.

 

38. Within 21 days after the failure to comply with the requirements of section 26 or after the dangerous occurrence, the consignor, carrier and consignee and any holder of a licence to transport a package while in transit must file a full report with the Commission that includes the following information:

  • (a) the date, time and location of the failure to comply or of the dangerous occurrence;
  • (b) the names of the persons involved;
  • (c) the details of the packaging and packages;
  • (d) the probable cause;
  • (e) the effects on the environment, the health and safety of persons, and national or international security that have resulted or may result;
  • (f) the doses of radiation that any person has received or is likely to have received; and
  • (g) the actions taken to remedy the failure to comply or the dangerous occurrence and to prevent its recurrence.

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Miscellaneous provisions

Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulations, 2015 Relevant paragraph(s) of the IAEA Regulations and other information as noted

39. For the purpose of the definition “release” in section 2 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992, the following levels of ionizing radiation are established:

  • (a) in respect of a package that is being transported under exclusive use,
    • (i) 10 mSv/h on the external surface of the package,
    • (ii) 2 mSv/h on the surface of the conveyance, and
    • (iii) 0.1 mSv/h at a distance of 2 m from the surface of the conveyance; and
  • (b) in respect of a package that is not being transported under exclusive use,
    • (i) 2 mSv/h on the external surface of the package,
    • (ii) 0.1 mSv/h at a distance of 1 m from the package,
    • (iii) 2 mSv/h on the surface of the conveyance, and
    • (iv) 0.1 mSv/h at a distance of 2 m from the surface of the conveyance.

Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992

“release” means, in relation to dangerous goods,

  • (a) a discharge, emission, explosion, outgassing or other escape of dangerous goods, or any component or compound evolving from dangerous goods, from a means of containment being used to handle or transport the dangerous goods, or
  • (b) an emission, from a means of containment being used to handle or transport dangerous goods, of ionizing radiation that exceeds a level or limit established under the Nuclear Safety and Control Act;

40. (1) A person, other than the consignor or the consignee of the package, may open a package only if

  • (a) measures are taken to prevent persons from receiving doses of radiation higher than the radiation dose limits prescribed by the Radiation Protection Regulations; and
  • (b) the package is opened in the presence of an expert in radiation protection.

Radiation Protection Regulations

EFFECTIVE DOSE LIMITS

13. (1) Every licensee shall ensure that the effective dose received by and committed to a person described in column 1 of an item of the table to this subsection, during the period set out in column 2 of that item, does not exceed the effective dose set out in column 3 of that item.

Item Column 1
Person
Column 2
Period
Column 3
Effective Dose (nSv)
1 Nuclear energy worker, including a pregnant nuclear energy worker (a) One-year dosimetry period 50
1 Nuclear energy worker, including a pregnant nuclear energy worker (b) Five-year dosimetry period 100
2 Pregnant nuclear energy worker Balance of the pregnancy 4
3 A person who is not a nuclear energy worker One calendar year 1

(2) For the purpose of item 1 of the table to subsection (1), the effective dose shall be calculated using the following formula and expressed in millisievert:

E+5RnP+20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRiaaiwdacaWGsbGaamOBaiaadcfacqGHRaWkcaaIYaGaaGimamaa qaeabaWaaSaaaeaacaaIXaaabaGaamyqaiaadYeacaWGjbaaaaWcbe qab0GaeyyeIuoaaaa@429C@

(3) For the purpose of item 2 of the table to subsection (1), the effective dose shall be calculated using the following formula and expressed in millisievert:

E+20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRiaaikdacaaIWaWaaabqaeaadaWcaaqaaiaadMeaaeaacaWGbbGa amitaiaadMeaaaaaleqabeqdcqGHris5aaaa@3E6F@

(4) For the purpose of item 3 of the table to subsection (1), the effective dose shall be calculated using either of the following formulas and expressed in millisievert:

E+ Rn 60 +20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRmaalaaabaGaamOuaiaad6gaaeaacaaI2aGaaGimaaaacqGHRaWk caaIYaGaaGimamaaqaeabaWaaSaaaeaacaWGjbaabaGaamyqaiaadY eacaWGjbaaaaWcbeqab0GaeyyeIuoaaaa@42A5@ E+4RnP+20 I ALI MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaGaamyraiabgU caRiaaisdacaWGsbGaamOBaiaadcfacqGHRaWkcaaIYaGaaGimamaa qaeabaWaaSaaaeaacaWGjbaabaGaamyqaiaadYeacaWGjbaaaaWcbe qab0GaeyyeIuoaaaa@42AE@

(5) For the purpose of subsection (1), where the end of a dosimeter-wearing period or a bioassay-sampling period does not coincide with the end of a dosimetry period set out in column 2 of the table to that subsection, the licensee may extend or reduce the dosimetry period to a maximum of two weeks so that the end of the dosimetry period coincides with the end of the dosimeter-wearing period or biossay-sampling period, as the case may be.

EQUIVALENT DOSE LIMITS 14. (1) Every licensee shall ensure that the equivalent dose received by and committed to an organ or tissue set out in column 1 of an item of the table to this subsection, of a person described in column 2 of that item, during the period set out in column 3 of that item, does not exceed the equivalent dose set out in column 4 of that item.

Item Column 1
Organ or Tissue
Column 2
Person
Column 3
Period
Column 4
Equivalent Dose (mSv)
1 Lens of an eye (a) Nuclear energy worker One-year dosimetry period 150
1 Lens of an eye (b) Any other person One calendar year 15
2 Skin (a) Nuclear energy worke One-year dosimetry period 500
2 Skin (b) Any other person One calendar year 50
3 Hands and feet (a) Nuclear energy worker One-year dosimetry period 500
3 Hands and feet (b) Any other person One calendar year 50

(2) For the purpose of subsection (1), where a dosimeter-wearing period or a bioassay-sampling period extends beyond the end of a dosimetry period set out in column 3 of the table to that subsection, the period is extended to the end of the dosimeter-wearing or bioassay-sampling period or by two weeks, whichever extension is shorter.

(3) When skin is unevenly irradiated, the equivalent dose received by the skin is the average equivalent dose over the 1 cm2 area that received the highest equivalent dose.

(2) If a person other than the consignor or the consignee opens a package while in transport, the person must restore the package to a condition that meets the requirements of these Regulations before forwarding it to the consignee.  

(3) Every person who receives a package or who opens a package must, at that time, determine if any of the following conditions exist:

  • (a) the package is damaged;
  • (b) the package has been tampered with;
  • (c) if the package contains fissile material, whether any portion of the fissile material is outside the confinement system; and
  • (d) any portion of the contents of the package is outside the containment system.
 
(4) If any of the conditions exist, the person must immediately make a preliminary report to the Commission and to the consignor.  
(5) The preliminary report must include information on how and where the condition was discovered and on any action that the person has taken or proposes to take with respect to it.

(6) Within 21 days after the condition has been discovered the consignor and the person who made the preliminary report must file a full report with the Commission that includes the following information:

  • (a) the date, time and location of the discovery of the condition;
  • (b) the names of the persons involved;
  • (c) the details of the packaging and packages;
  • (d) the probable cause;
  • (e) the effects on the environment, the health and safety of persons, and national or international security that have resulted or may result;
  • (f) the doses of radiation that any person has received or is likely to have received; and
  • (g) the actions taken to remedy the condition and to prevent its recurrence.
 

41. If a consignment cannot be delivered to the consignee, the carrier must

  • (a) notify the consignor, the consignee and the Commission; and
  • (b) keep the consignment in an area to which access is controlled by the carrier until it can be delivered to the consignor or the consignee.
 

42. (1) Every person who packs radioactive material in a Type IP-2, Type IP-3 or Type A package must keep a record documenting the following information concerning the package:

  • (a) the technical specifications of its design;
  • (b) the type, quantity and physical state of the radioactive material that it is designed to contain;
  • (c) any document that demonstrates that the package meets the requirements of these Regulations and the management system; and
  • (d) instructions for packing, transport, receiving, maintenance and unpacking.

(2) Every person who is required to keep a record must retain it for a period ending two years after the day on which the packing occurs.

 

Footnotes

Footnote 1

1. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, 2012 Edition, Specific Safety Requirements, IAEA Safety Standards Series No. SSR-6, Vienna, 2012.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

2. International Maritime Organization, International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, London, 2012.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

3. International Civil Aviation Organization, Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air, Doc 9284, as amended from time to time.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

4. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Nuclear Energy – Packaging of Uranium Hexafluoride (UF6) for Transport, ISO 7195, Geneva, 2005

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

5. IAEA, International Basic Safety Standards for Protection Against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources, Safety Series No. 115, Vienna, 1996.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

6. United Nations, Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations, ST/SG/AC.10/1/Rev.17, New York and Geneva, 2011.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

7. ISO, Series 1 Freight Containers — Specifications and Testing – Part 1: General Cargo Containers for General Purposes, ISO 1496, Geneva, 1990, and subsequent amendments 1:1993, 2:1998, 3:2005, 4:2006 and 5:2006.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

CNSC Regulatory Document Series

Facilities and activities within the nuclear sector in Canada are regulated by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC). In addition to the Nuclear Safety and Control Act and associated regulations, these facilities and activities may also be required to comply with other regulatory instruments such as regulatory documents or standards.

Effective April 2013, the CNSC’s catalogue of existing and planned regulatory documents has been organized under three key categories and twenty-five series, as set out below. Regulatory documents produced by the CNSC fall under one of the following series:

  • 1.0 Regulated facilities and activities
  • Series 1.1 Reactor facilities
    • 1.2 Class IB facilities
    • 1.3 Uranium mines and mills
    • 1.4 Class II facilities
    • 1.5 Certification of prescribed equipment
    • 1.6 Nuclear substances and radiation devices
  • 2.0 Safety and control areas
  • Series 2.1 Management system
    • 2.2 Human performance management
    • 2.3 Operating performance
    • 2.4 Safety analysis
    • 2.5 Physical design
    • 2.6 Fitness for service
    • 2.7 Radiation protection
    • 2.8 Conventional health and safety
    • 2.9 Environmental protection
    • 2.10 Emergency management and fire protection
    • 2.11 Waste management
    • 2.12 Security
    • 2.13 Safeguards and non-proliferation
    • 2.14 Packaging and transport
  • 3.0 Other regulatory areas
  • Series 3.1 Reporting requirements
    • 3.2 Public and Aboriginal engagement
    • 3.3 Financial guarantees
    • 3.4 Commission proceedings
    • 3.5 CNSC Processes and Practices

Note: The regulatory document series may be adjusted periodically by the CNSC. Each regulatory document series listed above may contain multiple regulatory documents. For the latest list of regulatory documents, visit the CNSC’s website.